Allergies can be seasonal or all-year round with symptoms that range from mild to severe. Individuals who have allergies simply means that the immune system is overly reacting to a certain substance that does not normally trigger a reaction. The common allergens capable of starting allergies include animal dander, pollen, dust, mold and pollution as well as certain types of foods.
There are ear symptoms that you should be familiar with aside from a stuffed nose, runny itchy eyes, fatigue and rashes. You can properly manage allergies by being familiar with the symptoms to watch out for and when to seek medical care.
Earache and infections
In severe cases of allergies, the Eustachian tube might become blocked completely. This results to pain as fluid starts to build-up behind the ear drum. If the accumulation of fluid is not dealt with, an ear infection will surely develop.
Ear infections can cause drainage from the ear, buzzing or ringing sounds as well as fever. Children and infants face a higher risk for this complication. If the infection is bacterial in nature, antibiotics are needed. The doctor might also recommend ear drops to clear up the ears.
Ear popping and fullness due to allergies
The ear popping and sensations of fullness in the ear are the common symptoms of allergies. Remember that this occurs if the mucus produced by an allergic reaction drains into the Eustachian tube. This tube travels from the rear of the ear into the throat. It is responsible for draining the excess fluid from the ear and equalize the pressure. In case the lining of the tube is inflamed, the ears might start to feel full and starts to pop.
Since the ears have a vital role in maintaining balance, the presence of inflammation can result to balance loss, dizziness and even vertigo. The initial step in treatment is to determine the allergen responsible for triggering the symptoms and take the necessary steps to minimize exposure if possible.
Loss of hearing
The accumulation of fluid in the ear due to allergies can add up to hearing loss. Remember that this occurs since the fluid prevents sound from being properly interpreted by the ear. In some cases, there might be complete hearing loss or ability to only hear sound faintly. The loss of hearing can also affect the ability of the individual to speak clearly.
In case the build-up of fluid is not triggered by actual damage to the ears, medications can be used to manage the underlying condition or surgery that involves draining of the fluid to help restore hearing.