It is important to note that medical adhesives are those found in medical tapes, bandages and spray-on silicone-based adhesives that are utilized in wound care. The prevalent form of allergy to medical adhesive is the formation of rashes that is classified as contact dermatitis. In the past years, latex has been the common trigger for contact dermatitis. This is why medical adhesives being used today no longer contain latex anymore. Nevertheless, some individuals can still suffer from allergy to medical adhesive.
What is allergic contact dermatitis?
This condition is characterized by the inflammation of the upper skin layers. Contact dermatitis is triggered once the skin comes in direct contact with a particular irritant. Allergic contact dermatitis is the result of the irritant triggering an allergic response inside the body that manifests at the site of contact. Since most medical adhesives are directly applied on the body in one form or another, it is likely for an allergic reaction to occur on the site where they are applied.
What are the types of allergic sensitivity?
An initial allergic response to a particular medical adhesive is usually mild and in some cases, the reaction to the allergen stays mild. In some cases, the reaction can become severe with every repeated exposure. In most cases, the moment an allergy to the medical adhesive is detected, the individual should avoid further use of any products that contain an adhesive.
Symptoms of allergy to medical adhesive
The primary symptoms of an allergy to medical adhesive can strikingly resemble a burn. The affected area can appear red in color and irritated, thus appearing as a red rash or small-sized bumps. There is also itchiness linked with the rash that can be mild or severe. As for severe cases, the blisters can form and break open, thus increasing the risk of infection. The rash can also become painful during a severe reaction. Always bear in mind that an allergic reaction is usually limited to the area of the skin that came in contact with the medical adhesive.
When an allergy to medical adhesive occurs, the initial move is to remove the tape or bandage that contains the adhesive. The site must be cleaned using water and mild soap in order to eliminate any leftover particles of the adhesive. Take note that this treatment is highly effective but if the reaction is severe, other measures should be carried out. Over-the-counter antihistamines as well as corticosteroid creams can be utilized if the reaction is minor and results to mild itchiness. In case there is a severe reaction including blistering, it must be assessed by a healthcare professional in order to exclude a possibility of an infection.
The ideal way to prevent an allergy to medical adhesive from recurring is to avoid any contact with the medical adhesive triggering the reaction. When it comes to allergies, you can learn more about proper management by enrolling in a first aid class today.