It is important to note that perennial rye grass is considered as a main allergen that grows in different parts of the globe. The grass originated in North American but already spread to other countries due to human activity. As one of the biggest seasonal producer of pollen, the pollination takes place from spring up to fall, depending on the latitude and elevation. The allergic reactions that are triggered upon exposure to perennial rye grass can range from mild to severe.
What are the common allergies?
Due to their small size, the pollen particles of perennial rye grass can easily enter the nasal passages. In individuals who have allergen-sensitive immune systems, the foreign substance lands on the mucous membranes in the nose and this will trigger a histamine reaction. The histamine triggers the dilation of the tiny blood vessels, resulting to nasal congestion and production of excess fluid which is called allergic rhinitis or hay fever. The symptoms of hay fever include stuffy or runny nose, sneezing and watery eyes.
Severe allergic reactions
Individuals who are allergic to perennial rye grass pollen can suffer from debilitating symptoms. Take note that the allergen from the rye grass can trigger rhino conjunctivitis which is a histamine reaction that includes watery discharge, itching, burning, redness and swelling of the eyelids. The asthma-like symptoms can also manifest such as wheezing and labored breathing. Those with asthma will notice that their condition will worsen during the pollinating season of rye grass.
The pollen of rye grass also has the potential to worsen facial eczema, resulting to a flushed appearance as well as rashes or welts on the skin.
Treatment for perennial rye grass allergy
There are various treatments available that can help alleviate the symptoms of perennial rye grass allergy. As basic first aid, you can provide over-the-counter antihistamines that work by blocking the histamine reactions, thus minimizing itchiness, sneezing and runny nose. The use of cromolyn sodium which is a nasal spray can lessen the reaction of the body to allergens.
Other treatment options include decongestants, nasal steroids and even prescription eye drops. Individuals who are prone to severe allergies can consult the doctor regarding yearly allergy shots which exposes the immune system to small amounts of the allergen before the allergy season.
Preventing exposure to perennial rye grass pollen
It is important to note that the perennial rye grass pollen are small in size and capable of travelling far distances with the help of the wind. On the other hand, individuals who are allergic can often experience a range in the severity based on their closeness to the grasslands.
Always bear in mind that the particles are small enough to filter through spaces between the doors and windows as well as making their way indoors through clothing and pets. With this in mind, the individual should take a shower after spending some time outdoors to reduce the amount of pollen inside the house. Another option is to avoid going out during the pollen season, only during times when the pollen count is low, usually later in the afternoon.