An allergic reaction to mandarin oranges is regarded as uncommon or even rare. In case an individual develops an allergic reaction to mandarin oranges, he/she might be suffering from an allergy to citrus and can end up with similar allergic reactions to other citrus fruits such as grapefruit or lime.
If an individual is suspected to be highly allergic to mandarin oranges, it is best to schedule an appointment with a doctor as soon as possible. Even though most of the symptoms of an allergy to mandarin oranges are minor and relatively harmless, there is still the risk for anaphylactic shock.
A food-related allergy such as an allergy to mandarin oranges can trigger an overreaction of the immune system. The proteins in mandarin oranges stimulate the immune system to react by triggering a defensive system. The immune system wrongly identifies the proteins as a threat and generates antibodies and histamine to fight them off. Take note that this chemical reaction in the body can lead to the usual symptoms of food allergy.
What are the usual symptoms?
The typical symptoms of an allergic reaction to mandarin oranges include the formation of ulcers in the mouth, tingling sensations in the cheeks or mouth, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and respiratory complications.
The respiratory symptoms might include postnasal drip, nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose and sinus pressure. As for the asthma symptoms, they can develop as well such as coughing, wheezing, difficulty breathing and chest pain.
Manifestation of contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction of the skin that is quite common among individuals with citrus allergy. This frequently occurs when certain citrus substances come in direct contact with the skin. In most cases, the skin becomes swollen and forms small-sized blisters that are extremely itchy and even burn.
If contact to mandarin oranges triggers contact dermatitis, the initial measure is to cleanse the area to eliminate any leftover residue. Apply an ice pack or cold compress on the area to minimize the itchiness and provide the individual with an antihistamine to reduce the inflammation.
The symptoms of an allergic reaction to mandarin oranges can be prevented by avoiding any form of exposure to the fruit. It is recommended to avoid all citrus fruits and carefully read all the labels before consumption.
Other available treatment options include an oral antihistamine to alleviate the minor symptoms such as itchy eyes or sneezing episodes. A shot of epinephrine might be required if the symptoms of anaphylactic shock are present.
Considerations to bear in mind
Even though uncommon, an allergic reaction to mandarin oranges can trigger a severe allergic reaction. Always bear in mind that anaphylaxis is a condition in which large amounts of histamine are generated in the body which puts the body into a state of shock. It is vital to seek immediate medical care if the individual experiences symptoms such as difficulty breathing, hives or an abrupt drop in the blood pressure.