Gastritis involves the inflammation of the stomach lining. The condition can be momentary which is called as acute gastritis or chronic gastritis which lasts for month or even years. Many individuals do not experience any symptoms but appetite loss is a possible symptom. Since gastritis has various causes and usually confused with other stomach issues such as food poisoning or indigestion, it is best to consult a doctor for proper assessment and treatment. If you want to learn the appropriate measures to manage this condition, read here.
What is gastritis?
Gastritis develops once the stomach lining is irritated and becomes inflamed. Various factors can lead to gastritis but the common causes are medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin and naproxen that can damage the stomach when taken for extended periods. Other causes include excessive intake of alcohol and the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.
The less common causes include extensive vomiting, excess production of gastric juice, viral infections and the backflow of bile from the small intestines. Consumption or drinking corrosive substances and cocaine abuse can also cause gastritis as well as certain autoimmune conditions such as pernicious anemia and exposure to radiation.
What are the usual symptoms?
Those who have gastritis suffer from symptoms such as appetite loss along with vomiting, nausea and pain in the upper abdomen. The connection between the symptoms such as appetite loss and gastritis is still unclear. On the other hand, chronic or severe gastritis can cause the erosion of the stomach lining and result to bleeding which leads to blood-streaked vomit or black tarry stools. In some circumstances, chronic gastritis can lead to tumors, polyps and ulcers in the stomach lining.
The medications that help minimize the amount of acid in the stomach such as proton pump inhibitors, antacids and histamine blockers are usually given as the initial line of management for gastritis. If required, further treatment for the primary cause is also given.
Infection with Helicobacter pylori entails the administration of proton pump inhibitors together with antibiotics. The prognosis for gastritis is usually good depending on the cause. The appetite must return once treatment is started. The doctor will provide the individual with a list of foods to eat that will not irritate the stomach lining but generally, it is best to avoid high-fat foods and stick with a diet high in fiber.
Considerations to bear in mind
The medications and eating small amounts of the proper food can help heal the stomach and restore the loss of appetite. In case there are issues in keeping the food down, loss of appetite after a few bites of food or pain while eating, a doctor must be consulted right away. This can indicate the development of an ulcer. Appetite loss that persists after treatment for the condition was started might also indicate another serious issue, thus a doctor must be consulted if the symptoms continue to persist.