The stiffness in the joints and hands is likely to be linked to arthritis. Always bear in mind that arthritis is the inflammation of the joints that affects millions of individuals all over the globe. If an individual has arthritis, it causes the joints to swell and become stiff and painful. There are various types of arthritis and the prevalent types include rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gouty arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Depending on the cause, it is vital for the individual to seek treatment as soon as possible in order to prevent the condition from become debilitating.
Rheumatoid arthritis is common form of arthritis which is an autoimmune condition that is instigated by the presence of autoantibodies. These antibodies are proteins that are generated by the immune system once it encounters harmful invaders. When it comes to rheumatoid arthritis, the body produces antibodies against its own cells. The condition commonly affects the hands and wrists and eventually spreads to other parts of the body. Take note that the affected joints are balanced in which the same joints on both sides are affected.
This is considered as the most prevalent form of arthritis which involves the wearing down of cartilage. This cartilage is the material that lines the ends of the bones and enables then to glide smoothly over one another. Once the cartilage wears down, the bones rub on each other, resulting to swelling and pain. The condition commonly affects the knees, hips, neck, lower back and hands. There are measures that you can learn in first aid training that can help provide relief to the individual.
Most individuals who have psoriasis also suffer from arthritis. Psoriasis is basically a skin condition that is defined for thick, dry patches of skin and changes in the nails. The arthritis does not develop until 10 years after the appearance of psoriasis. The condition typically affects only one or several joints during the start of the disease and spread to the joints. In some individuals, the arthritis can spread to the chest, sacroiliac joint and the spine. Others can suffer from disfigured a finger which is called as arthritis mutilans.
Gout is the inflammation of the one or more joints due to the elevated level of uric acid. The uric acid crystals are deposited into the joints which lead to inflammation. The condition typically affects the big toe but can also affect any joint. The condition is defined by the presence of gout attacks that can last for several days up to two weeks and remissions.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder noted for the swelling of the organs and bodily tissues in the body. The antibodies that attack the normal cells cause the condition which may or may not be linked with arthritis. In most cases, at least two joints must be affected so that a diagnosis can be given and they are usually symmetrical. The other indications include a rash on the nose and cheeks, fluid retention, oral ulcers, anemia and seizures.