Tooth extraction involves removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. It is important to note that baby teeth are often extracted because they are impacted, damaged beyond repair or severely decayed.
The impacted baby tooth is an ideal candidate for tooth extraction so that the upcoming eruption of permanent teeth can grow into their normal position in the mouth while the damaged or decayed baby teeth are removed to prevent infection. Even though serious complications are uncommon, it is vital to be aware of the potential risks linked with baby tooth extraction.
Pain and bleeding after tooth extraction
Some children can suffer from pain and bleeding after tooth extraction. Take note that profuse bleeding can occur in the space where the baby tooth was removed right after surgery. In some circumstances, stitches are required to stop the bleeding but in most cases, the bleeding ceases within 15 minutes as the blood clot form in the gums.
Some children might continue to suffer from discomfort and minimal bleeding during the first few days after tooth removal. Rinsing out the excess blood from the mouth and biting down on a clean gauze or tissue paper usually stops the bleeding.
Loss of space
A usual complication linked with baby tooth removal is loss of space. Oftentimes, when baby teeth are taken out before the right time for the permanent teeth to erupt, the space created by the absence of the previous baby tooth closes or narrows as the neighboring teeth move into the open space.
The loss of space can cause the permanent teeth to grow crookedly since they do not have enough space to properly erupt. Children who have baby teeth that were prematurely removed are given a space-maintainer which is a piece of device used within the mouth to maintain the space until the permanent teeth erupts.
Risk for infection
A serious complication linked with baby tooth extraction is infection. An infection can develop once bacteria enter the body via the gums, roots or mouth and spread to the adjacent tissues and/or various parts of the body.
The indications of an infection include high fever, excessive swelling as well as chills, profuse bleeding lasting longer than 24 hours and severe pain. If an infection is suspected, it is vital to seek emergency care that usually involves antibiotics.