E. coli or Escherichia coli are considered as common bacteria that depends on certain circumstances such as the type of exposure, specific strain and if it is pathogenic or not. E. coli is usually utilized in both microbiological and biochemical research due to their ubiquity and there are various strains as well as capable of affecting different bodily systems.
Since there are various strains of E. coli and different strains that can tolerate various conditions, the bodily systems may or may not be affected depending on the route and whether the bacteria can tolerate the system they infiltrated. It is important to note that most strains of E. coli could not tolerate neutral acidity and the human body temperature, thus they do not survive oral ingestion. On the other hand, since the stomach is acidic, the strains that developed acid tolerance manage to survive and can produce severe gastroenteritis.
What are the benefits of E. coli?
The non-pathogenic strains of E. coli can settle in the gastrointestinal tract of humans. These bacteria will not initiate an infection and even reside in harmony with the human host. The bacteria acquire nourishment from food matter that goes through the intestinal tract and as a response; the bacteria produces vitamin K which is vital in the blood clotting process.
Considerations to bear in mind
Even the non-virulent strains of E. coli can trigger an infection if they go in other parts of the body aside from the digestive tract. The nearness of the female urethra to the anus puts it at higher risk to E. coli infection, especially in cases in which fecal substance is accidentally moved to the urethra. The E. coli can go up to the urethra and colonize the bladder, resulting to a urinary tract infection. Take note that these infections can cause pain and if left untreated, can become severe and ascend to the kidneys.
Since E. coli can be linked with the gut, it is common to accept that they do not cause infection in other parts of the body. Nevertheless, if contaminated substance enters the lungs, E. coli can settle in the lungs and develop to bacterial pneumonia. Unlike with viral pneumonia, lung infection caused by bacteria can be managed with antibiotics. On the other hand, it is unusual for E. coli to settle in the lungs but they spread through aerosolized droplets that are easily inhaled.
Just like with other bacteria, E. coli can adapt readily to their environment and reproduce at a fast rate. It simply means that not only the colony can rapidly develop, but it can also adapt to its environment by responding to selective pressure. Once E. coli is introduced to the body system, it will start to adapt to the system quickly. If introduced to antibiotics, E. coli can develop resistance if these antibiotics are used only for a few days and not all the bacteria are killed. You can learn how to properly manage this condition by enrolling in a first aid class today.