There are cases in which an individual ends up with broken teeth. Teeth can be damaged during sports or any activity that involves a direct blow to the mouth. Every tooth is comprised of calcium and other organic elements and divided into 3 layers – enamel, dentin and the pulp. Always remember that each layer has a specific role. Anatomically, the tooth is made out of the crown and root. Only the crown is the visible part that is seen inside the mouth while the root extends under the gum line.
Causes of broken teeth
An individual can end up with broken teeth due to assaults, falls, child abuse, sports activities and multiple traumas due to vehicular accidents. It is important to seek dental or medical care if injuries involving the teeth are sustained since it can affect proper eating and drinking.
Symptoms of broken teeth
Jaw pain and toothache are the common symptoms. In some cases, it can include complaints of pain while chewing or even temperature changes. Even though a tooth has broken off, fallen out, loosened or embedded into the gum line, other symptoms include:
- Cuts surrounding the cheeks and lips
- Isolated bleeding from the mouth
- Changes in the color of the tooth
- Facial swelling
When to seek medical care
In case you suspect a possible tooth injury or there is a change in the tooth color of a family member, you have to call a dentist or doctor right away. Oftentimes, when teeth are broken or knocked out, medical care is required especially if the tooth involved is a permanent one. It is vital to seek dental or medical care for the following:
- Severe pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Facial swelling
- Profuse bleeding
Treatment for broken teeth
Before focusing on the broken teeth, you have to determine if there is a life-threatening injury present such as a fall from a high building and there is a puddle of blood with scattered teeth. Always remember that injuries are not only on the teeth and damaged teeth can wait.
- In case the tooth is knocked out completely, it must be rinsed off right away with water but do not scrub. The tooth can be held by the crown, not on the root so that damage to the ligaments can be minimized. In most cases, the tooth can be restored back into the socket.
- Many individuals feel uncomfortable if they have to restore the tooth on their own. With this in mind, make sure that you will bring along the tooth that is immersed in milk, saliva or saline to the dentist or doctor.
- Avoid transporting the tooth dry since it will cause damage in just a matter of minutes. Do not submerge the tooth in water as well. The tooth must be placed in a “tooth saver” solution. If one is not available, good substitutes include saliva, saline or milk.
- It is important to place the tooth amidst the cheek and gum line of the individual. Always bear in mind that the mouth is the ideal place of the tooth since it protects the root by keeping it moist while at the same time providing protection against bacteria.
- When there is bleeding from the socket, instruct the individual to rinse the mouth with water. Apply a piece of gauze or tissue on the socket and instruct the individual to bite down on it. The pressure can help stop the bleeding.
- As for pushed in, loosened or broken teeth, instruct the individual to avoid drinking or eating. In case the teeth is broken in small pieces, gather the remaining parts and immerse them in milk, saline or saliva.