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Close look on degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease involves the deterioration process that affects the intervertebral discs. These discs are positioned between the bony vertebral bodies in the spine that absorb shock. The intervertebral discs at birth are comprised mainly of 80% water. As one starts to age, the discs dry out which leads to diminished shock absorption and high […]

What is tarsal coalition?

Tarsal coalition is an irregular connection that forms amidst 2 bones in the rear of the foot. This connection can be comprised of cartilage, bone or fibrous tissue that might lead to diminished movement and pain in one or both feet. It is important to note that the tarsal bones include the heel bone, navicular, […]

What is temporal arteritis?

Temporal arteritis is a type of vasculitis which results to inflammation of the blood vessels. In this condition, the temporal arteries that supply blood from the heart to the scalp are swollen and narrowed. Other blood vessels might also be involved such as the posterior ciliary arteries or large blood vessels such as the aorta […]

Close look on sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disorder that affects one or several organs, but generally the lungs and lymph nodes. Due to the inflammation, abnormal nodules or lumps develop in one or several organs. These are called as granulomas that might disrupt the normal structure and possibly the function of the affected organ. What are the causes? […]

Respiratory conditions: Overview on respiratory syncytial virus

The respiratory syncytial virus is the main cause of infections affecting the lungs and breathing passages of infants and young children. Aside from causing pneumonia, it is also the leading cause of bronchiolitis. The virus is spread by an infected child via secretions from the mouth or nose by direct contact or droplets in the […]

What is pruritus?

Pruritus produces an itchy sensation with the urge to scratch. The common cause is dry skin but can be triggered by other skin conditions, medications, pregnancy and even cancer in rare cases. Certain groups of individuals are prone to develop pruritus such as: Elderly Individuals with diabetes Atopic individuals (those who have hay fever, seasonal […]

What is optic neuritis?

Optic neuritis involves irritation or inflammation of the optic nerve. This condition occurs due to a certain disease or without any precise cause. The condition can arise to any individual at any age but occur more among women between 20-40 years of age. What are the indications? Only one eye is affected but both can […]

Overview on chondromalacia patella

Chondromalacia patella is characterized as the softening and deterioration of the tissue on the underside of the kneecap. The pain or discomfort arises once the knee and femur rub together. What are the causes? Chondromalacia patella often develops once the underside of the kneecap rubs with the femur, resulting to pain and swelling. Tightness, abnormal […]