Causes of bladder discomfort

The bladder is one of the major organs in the urinary tract system. It is positioned in the pelvis, above and behind the pubic bone. Urine is produced in the kidneys and traverses all the way to the bladder via tubes known as ureters that unite these organs. The bladder is where urine is stored until it accepts signals from the body to drain it. The urine leaves the bladder via the urethra. There are various conditions that involve the bladder and urethra that can cause a sensation of bladder discomfort or pressure.

Infection and inflammation

Urinary tract infections are quite common in women but can also occur in men. The inflammation from the infection can cause swelling within the bladder lining or wall, instigating a sensation of bladder discomfort or pressure.

Other symptoms that can occur include increased frequency of urination or leakage of urine and burning sensation during urination. These infections are properly managed with antibiotics. Some individuals might end up with comparable urinary tract symptoms without clinical indication of an infection. This can occur in an ailment called as interstitial cystitis where the exact cause is unknown. Antibiotics are not effective for this condition. The treatment might include oral medications to manage nerve-related discomfort as well as medications to wash out the bladder.


Any condition that involves the blockage of the urine flow out of the bladder can instigate bladder discomfort and pressure over the area.


Any condition that involves the blockage of the urine flow out of the bladder can instigate bladder discomfort and pressure over the area. Urinary retention or backup of urine can cause the bladder to become full or stretched out. It is important to note that urinary retention can be caused by growths or tumors in the bladder depending on the location. In addition, kidney stones can also cause symptoms if they are trapped in the urethra.

The prostate is a walnut-shaped organ in men positioned around the urethra. In case the prostate grows in size, it compresses on the urethra thus partially blocking the exit of urine from the bladder. An infection of the prostate is a usual cause of urinary retention.

Muscle disorders

An overly active bladder is a common condition that affects millions of adults all over the world. It develops when the nerves and muscles of the bladder become too sensitive and triggers the bladder to squeeze urine out before it has properly filled.

The bladder contractions can oftentimes cause bladder discomfort or pressure. The leakage of urine or incontinence is a typical symptom as well. Other health conditions might be linked with an overactive bladder such as urinary tract infections, stroke, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease and spinal cord injuries. There are medications that can be given to minimize the spasm of the bladder muscles. In addition, Kegel exercises, bladder training exercises and biofeedback might also be effective.

External causes

The bladder discomfort can also be instigated by organs close to and around the bladder. Pregnancy is also considered as a usual culprit among women. The uterus that is positioned above the bladder starts to grow in size over the course of pregnancy and adds pressure over the organ. The presence of tumors in the abdomen and pelvis can cause a similar effect on the bladder.


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