When an individual develops brittle nails, the condition is characterized by nails that easily split or peel into layers. There are certain health conditions that can result to the peeling of both fingernails and even the toenails. In case only the fingernails are affected, the cause is likely to be external. If the split or peeling nails start to affect the daily activities of the individual, there are measures that you can carry out. All you have to do is to enroll in a first aid class today.
Any injury to the nail can cause them to split and peel. An individual who is preoccupied with nail biting will leave the fingernails ragged and susceptible to further damage. When the fingernails are used for prying or scraping, it can lead to injuries to the nails in which they break and split during daily activities. The nails must be trimmed short and filed using an emery board into a rounded shape in order to prevent the splitting and peeling from worsening.
In most cases of split and peeling nails, they are caused by moisture. The repeated wetting and drying of the hands and extension of the fingernails can cause the nails to dry out. Excessive moisture can also cause the weakening of the nails, thus causing them to soften and eventually peel. It is important to note that the fingernails can be protected from moisture by using gloves when engaging in activities in which the hands are soaked in water such as washing dishes. It is also recommended to apply a lotion that contains lanolin to help relieve the dry and brittle nails.
Exposure to chemicals
Certain chemicals such as household cleansers can dry out the fingernails. Adhesives used in glue-on nails, colored nail polish and nail polish remover especially those that contain acetone can cause nail damage. The effects of these chemicals can be remedied by limiting the exposure to these chemicals as well as properly moisturizing the nails after contact. It is also best to apply a coat of clear nail polish once a week in order to prevent damage.
If the individual has iron deficiency anemia, it can result to brittle nails. Take note that iron helps the body produce hemoglobin which is the oxygen-carrying component of red blood cells. Iron deficiency anemia can also lead to cold hands and feet, headaches, pale skin and diminished appetite. A diet that is packed with iron-rich foods or iron supplements can help deal with this deficiency but a doctor should be consulted in order to diagnose the condition if the symptoms still persist.
Splitting and peeling nails can also be triggered by hypothyroidism which is a condition in which the thyroid gland is underactive and does not produce adequate amount of hormones. The other symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, weakness, joint pain, unintentional weight gain and heavy menstrual period. It is best to consult a doctor if these symptoms are experienced since peeling nails has a medical cause.