Always bear in mind that blunt head trauma can occur from a direct blow to the head and capable of causing serious damage to the brain. In most cases, the impact can range from a minor bump to a severe brain injury. Majority of cases involving traumatic brain injuries typically occur due to traffic accidents. Even if the head trauma did not result to an open wound, damage can occur to the brain. The effects of blunt head trauma are irreversible and severe as well as disrupt with the normal functioning capacity of the brain.
What are the types?
There are two main types of head trauma – contusion and concussion. When it comes to a concussion, the brain is shaken while a contusion involves a direct injury to the brain. The loss of consciousness that occurs from a blunt head trauma can result to more damage to the brain. In addition, an injury can occur on the opposite site of the brain which is called countrecoupe. This occurs when the head is moving and strikes a stationary object. Remember that this blunt force can cause the opposite side of the brain to pull away from the skull and become injured.
Always bear in mind that blunt head trauma typically occurs from accidents. The usual cause of head trauma includes sports injuries, vehicular accidents, falls and physical assault. During certain sports, using a helmet or head gear can minimize the risk for ending up with head injury. In addition, using appropriate restraining devices in a vehicle can also prevent injuries from occurring.
Signs and symptoms
The indications of blunt head trauma can either occur right after an injury or develop steadily within a few hours or days. The severe symptoms that can manifest from head trauma include changes in the pupil size, convulsions, irritability, difficulty moving one or more limbs, unusual behaviors, change in the personality, confusion, loss of consciousness, drowsiness, drop in the blood pressure, low breathing rate , severe headache, blurry vision, vomiting and stiff neck.
What are the potential effects?
Any damage to the brain can result to severe injury to the brain itself. In serious cases of head trauma, it can result to language and speech issues, chronic headaches, coma, seizures, changes in vision, hearing, smell or taste as well as change in sensation. In addition, bleeding can occur naturally within the brain which can worsen the brain damage.
Considerations to bear in mind
After sustaining a blunt head trauma, the individual should not be moved unless needed. If there are any wounds, do not attempt to clean them as well as remove objects or shake the individual. Timing is vital which is why it is important to call for emergency assistance right away.