While it is easy to spot a common cold, fever or flu, First Aid Winnipeg would like to offer some basic training on identifying common serious infectious diseases.
Herpes is a injection that is viral on the skin as well as mucous membranes that may show up as lesions, general ill feeling and sore throat. Herpes can be transmitted by direct contact which occurs when you touch body fluids of someone who is infected. Such carriers include blood, fecal material, vomit, secretions as well as saliva.
Meningitis is a viral/bacterial infection that occurs in the brain and spinal cord which may exhibit signs of respiratory illness, sore throat, stiff neck, nausea or vomiting. It is important to note that meningitis is transmitted by air, direct or indirect contact.
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that affects the respiratory system that will exhibit weight loss, night sweats, occasional fever as well as ill feeling. Tuberculosis is transmitted by air, direct or indirect contact.
Hepatitis comes in the form of A, B or C and is the inflammation of the liver. All forms of hepatitis shows up as flu-like symptoms or jaundice. Transmission varies by the type as it may be direct or indirect contact.
HIV/AIDS is a virus that will attack white blood cells which essentially limits and destroys the body’s ability to naturally defend itself from infection. HIV/AIDS will exhibit fever, night sweats, weight loss, chronic diarrhea, severe fatigue, shortness of breath, swollen lymph nodes or lesions. HIV/AIDS is transmitted as a result of direct contact, blood-to-blood transfer and indirect contact (such as an infected needle). While giving mouth to mouth, if you are concerned the person may be infected with HIV/AIDS, then you need to be careful when giving mouth-to-mouth or if there is blood present. When giving mouth-to-mouth, HIV cannot be transmitted unless the victim i bleeding from their mouth and the person providing First Aid has open mouth sores. Pocket masks will greatly reduce any concerns if the person may or may not be infected with HIV/AIDS. Proper training by enrolling in a CPR course from Winnipeg First Aid will teach you how to use pocket masks.