The hip is considered one of the biggest joints in the human body. The upper leg bone encounters the pelvis at the hip joint that is bordered by the large tendons and muscles of the thigh and buttocks. As the main weight bearing joint in the body, the hip is also vulnerable to degenerative disease processes that typically trigger pain. Diseases that instigate hip pain include primary bone and joint disorders as well as systemic conditions.
Once an individual starts to experience hip pain, it is best to consult a doctor so that proper assessment can be carried out to come up with the right diagnosis. This will ensure that the right treatment can be started early on to prevent the condition from getting worse.
Osteoarthritis of the hip is considered as a potentially debilitating condition that develops once the cartilage surface of the hip joint steadily wears away, resulting to inflammation and disfigurement of the affected joint.
Progressive hip pain, diminished mobility and stiffness can occur with an advancing case of osteoarthritis of the hip. Remember that the hip is the second most commonly affected joint among those who have osteoarthritis.
Severe cases of hip osteoarthritis might require the replacement of the joint. Thousands of total hip replacement procedures are carried out every year with osteoarthritis as the frequent cause of hip deterioration that requires replacement.
Hemophilia is a genetic disorder involving the blood clotting system of an individual. This condition is characterized by the tendency to easily bleed or spontaneously as well as difficulty in controlling the bleeding once it starts. Individuals who have hemophilia usually experience bleeding into the large joints including the hip.
The constant bleeding into the hip can lead to degeneration of the joint cartilage which is called as hemophilic arthropathy. The symptoms are strikingly similar to other arthritic conditions of the hip and include stiffness, pain, swelling and loss of joint mobility. In a study conducted, individuals who have hemophilia are likely to end up with hemophilic arthropathy at some point in their lives.
Paget’s disease of the bone is described as a chronic condition where localized areas of bone exhibit softening and overgrowth, thus resulting to distortion of the bone and linked with joint functionality issues. The femur and pelvis are usually involved with this condition.
A frequent symptom of Paget’s disease is aching pain that can be debilitating to the individual. The bowing of the femur or distortion of bones in the hip joint can cause misalignment and increased wear and tear of the joint cartilage, thus predisposing the early development of osteoarthritis. In addition, it is estimated that millions of adults have the disease with men who have Northern European descent excessively affected by the condition.