Sugar allergy is considered difficult to properly diagnose due to its prevalence in various foods. Once this allergy is suspected, it is recommended to set an appointment with an allergist to determine the exact cause of the symptoms. The adverse symptoms that occur after consuming foods that contain sugar might be related to sugar intolerance.
What is the cause of sugar allergy?
When it comes to sugar allergy, it involves malfunction of the immune system. Once sugar enters the body, the immune system identifies the proteins in sugar as a threat. This triggers the production of IgE antibodies to fight off the sugar proteins. In no time, the process initiates a chemical reaction that leads to the manifestation of the allergy symptoms due to the increased level of histamine in the body. Take note that histamine causes the tissue inflammation where the symptoms usually appear such as the lungs, sinuses and the stomach.
Nasal problems can occur if an individual has sugar allergy. The production of histamine causes the sinus cavity to become swollen and inflamed. The swollen sinuses trigger the back up of excessive mucus throughout the head which triggers sinus headaches. These headaches can trigger pain mainly behind the eyes, cheeks and the forehead. Other nasal issues include congestion, sneezing and runny nose.
Just like with any food allergy, the digestive complications of sugar allergy include cramping, stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea and nausea. Once sugar is consumed, the gastrointestinal issues can be managed by waiting for the body to eliminate the sugar. The medications typically used in managing gas, bloating and stomach upset will not alleviate the digestive symptoms.
Asthma-like symptoms are also common with sugar allergy. In most cases, the airways become swollen and inflamed which reduces the ability of the individual to breathe properly which results to coughing, shortness of breath and wheezing.
The wheezing is described as a high-pitched sound in the throat from the restricted air. Once the individual experiences asthma often, a doctor should be consulted regarding suitable treatment options.
Considerations to bear in mind
Some individuals who have sugar allergy can lead to anaphylaxis. Always bear in mind that anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. The individual should consult a doctor regarding the use of an epinephrine injector that can be carried at all times.