Facial fracture

A facial fracture basically refers to any injuries that result to a broken bone or bones in the face. The injury is likely to occur during sports such as hockey, baseball or football as well as during falls especially among the elderly.

Causes of facial fractures

There are many situations that can cause facial fractures such as sports-related injuries, vehicular accidents, falls and assault account for most cases but injuries from stabbings or gunshot wounds can occur as well. It is important to bear in mind that in such cases, there might also be other injuries to other parts of the body aside from those sustained in the face.

Symptoms of a facial fracture

Even though the signs and symptoms are specific for the affected bone on the face, some of the symptoms are common to any fractured bone. You have to take note that symptoms such as pain, bruising and swelling can indicate a soft tissue injury. It is important to take note of the symptoms on the following parts in the face.

Broken jaw

  • Jaw pain
  • Bruising in the area under the tongue
  • Tenderness on the affected part of the jawbone
  • Inability to close or bring teeth together

Broken nose

  • Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Deformity of the nose
  • Nosebleed
  • Trauma to the nose bridge

Maxillary or mid-face fracture symptoms

  • Problems with the vision
  • Inability to close or bring the teeth together
  • Nasal discharge that is clear
  • Difficulty breathing

Cheek bone fracture symptoms

  • Visual problems
  • Flat appearance of the affected cheek
  • Blood in the side of the eye on the affected side
  • Pain if the jaw is moved
  • Altered sensation under the eye on affected side

Eye socket fracture

facial fracture

An example of a facial fracture is a direct blow on the eye socket.

  • Altered sensation under affected eye
  • Sunken eye
  • Double vision

Temporomandibular joint

  • Inability to close the mouth
  • Deviation of the jaw
  • Dislocation of the TMJ

When to seek medical care

An individual who sustained facial fracture or trauma must consult a doctor or go directly to the emergency department at the nearest hospital. Once the individual experiences the following symptoms, seek immediate medical attention right away:

  • Nosebleed
  • Clear nasal discharge
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Hearing problems
  • Visual problems such as blurred or double vision
  • Pain when jaw is moved
  • Inability to close or bring the teeth together
  • Open wounds with visible bone that are protruding
  • Uneven face
  • Altered sensation

First aid for facial fracture

When it comes to a facial fracture, there are first aid measures that you can provide before taking the individual to a doctor or to the emergency department at the nearest hospital.

  • With an ice pack, apply it on the affected area in order to minimize the pain and swelling
  • If there is bleeding on the affected part on the face, you have to apply direct pressure.

Depending on the location where the injury was sustained on the face, it is important to seek medical care from a doctor or simply go directly to the nearest hospital. In doing so, any facial fracture incurred can be treated right away and prevent further damage.



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