Groin pain

Groin pain is basically the pain that occurs in the area where the inner, upper thigh and the lower abdomen meet.

Causes of groin pain

The common cause of groin pain is tendon, muscle or ligament strain especially among athletes who engage in contact sports such as football, hockey and soccer. The groin pain can occur right away after the injury was incurred or pain can develop gradually over a span of weeks or even months. The pain can be aggravated by continuous use of the affected area.

In some cases, a bone fracture or injury, kidney stones or hernia can even result to groin pain. Even though groin pain and testicle pain are different, any condition that affects the testicles can oftentimes spread to the groin area.

The direct and indirect causes of pain include the following:

  • Avulsion fracture in which a tendon or ligament is pulled from the bone
  • Avascular necrosis is the death of the bone tissues caused by the limited flow of blood
  • Bursitis
  • Hydrocele
  • Epididymitis
  • Kidney stones
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Muscle strain
  • Mumps
  • Orchitis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pinched nerve
  • Sciatica
  • Tendinitis
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Stress fractures
  • Varicocele
  • Sprains and strains

When to consult a doctor?

groin pain

If the groin pain is abrupt and severe, it is best to consult a doctor.

It is important to seek medical attention right away if the individual has the following:

  • Abrupt and severe pain in the testicle
  • Groin pain accompanied with abdominal or back pain
  • The testicle pain is accompanied with fever, nausea, bloody urine and chills

You have to schedule an appointment with your doctor if the individual experiences the following:

  • Excruciating groin pain
  • Pain that does not improve even if first aid measures at home was given for a few days
  • Mild pain in the testicle that extends for more than a few days
  • Blood present in the urine
  • Protuberance or enlargement within or the area surrounding the testicle
  • Intense pain that is intermittent on the inferior side of the abdomen that radiates through the groin and into the testicles.

How groin pain is diagnosed?

In most of the groin pain cases, it does not need medical care. Nevertheless, the individual should still consult a doctor if severe, prolonged pain is experienced that is accompanied with swelling or pain. Always remember that these symptoms can indicate a serious condition.

When diagnosing the underlying cause of groin pain, the doctor will check the symptoms and ask questions regarding the latest physical activity engaged in. Additionally, physical examination of the groin area will be performed along with tests such as X-ray, ultrasound, hernia test and CBC.

What to do for groin pain?

In case the groin pain is due to a sprain or strain, there are several first aid measures that you can perform at home.

Initially, you have to apply a cold pack or ice wrapped in a clean cloth or towel on the affected area for about 20-30 minutes for 2-4 times throughout the day. You can also provide over-the-counter medications for pain such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.



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