Compression bandages are utilized for different first aid and medical measures that range from controlling the bleeding as well as minimize the inflammation of joints. It is important to learn the correct steps when applying compression bandages in order to treat conditions effectively. It is important to keep all the materials used clean and sterile at all times. In case of life-threatening conditions such as edema, it is best to seek help from the health care professionals.
If pressure dressings are used, you have to apply it on any injury that involves bleeding. Press down on the wound to stop the bleeding while at the same time encouraging the clotting process to start. As a first aid measure, you have to raise the affected limb if possible. Continue to apply pressure to the wound with the compression bandage and secure in place by wrapping an additional bandage over the pad until the medical team arrives. With a bandage, wrap it around the wound and overlap the edges in order to promote the clotting process. Avoid wrapping tightly since it will disrupt the circulation of blood.
Using therapeutic bandages
If therapeutic bandages are used, they are recommended for circulatory issues among individuals who are identified with venous insufficiency. It simply means that the veins in the lower extremities are straining when pumping deoxygenated blood back to the heart. If compression bandages are used in such cases, it should be applied carefully in order to ensure that there is enough support for the weakened veins, but not tightly that it can affect the circulation of blood.
You have to use 8-10 centimeters of elastic bandage on the lower limbs. You have to start wrapping at the lowest end of the affected area to the wrapped. The bandage roll must be held in the dominant hand with the rolled part facing upwards and towards the outside. You have to unroll the bandage if needed, applying even pressure and pulling it close to the affected limb.
In some cases, the compression bandage can be applied in a layered manner or also called as the Putter cross technique. This is applicable when wrapping the lower extremities due to edema, calf, ankle or even the knee.
If this method is used, initially apply a layer of the compression bandage starting at the foot up to ankle, ensuring that all the surfaces of the ankle are properly covered. Do not forget to overlap the edges and secure in place using tape. You can start the second layer at the knee and work all the way down to the calf to meet with the first layer at the top part of the ankle or shin. The second layer must be wrapped in a crosswise manner on the first layer or in the opposite direction of the initial layer.