First Aid Winnipeg offers training and CPR courses to help in emergency situations and one of the more common situations is bleeding. If you are treating someone who is bleeding, it is important to treat blood with respect as a variety of infections (hepatitis B) may be passed if the blood is not handled with care. It is extremely important to observe healthy hygiene practices that have been taught in our classes when dealing with blood. When one encounters a situation with blood, special tools and equipment is not required but rather lessons taught on this blog. In addition to lessons taught here are a few precautions and good common sense. In the instance of HIV, once it is outside the body, the strain will not survive if it is outside the body for a long period of time and can be disinfected by heat, bleach or alcohol. As long as your skin is not broken, it is a good barrier to protect you from HIV entering your body. The possibility of HIV entering the body through broken skin or mucous membranes is prevalent. There are studies that show a large quantity of healthcare providers conclude that even serious accidental exposure to infected blood does not always lead to the transmission of the virus. Some helpful pointers is to avoid direct contact with the blood and try to have the injured party to stop the bleeding themselves. However, if the person is unable to then the First Aider should stop the bleeding. If possible, use gloves or some article of clothing as a barrier to avoid direct contact with the blood. It is also recommended that you change into new gloves each time you treat a new patient and wash your hands before and after using the gloves. It is also helpful to cover any exposed cuts with dressing (preferably waterproof). Be sure to wash your hands with hot soapy water very thoroughly. If blood makes contact with your eyes or mouth be sure to immediately rinse with water. If you get cut while performing first aid, then let the wound bleed freely for a little while then wash with soap (except if it gets in your eyes) and warm water. Be sure to apply antiseptic or alcohol and dressing. If there is blood on the scene, mop it up and dispose of it carefully and safely and be sure to avoid direct contact. Then apply disinfectant or bleach/water solution in the spilled area. Be sure to wash clothes/tools in soap and hot water. Be sure practice these procedures. If you have additional questions, feel free to contact First Aid Winnipeg about CPR training/courses we have to offer.