Once an individual is diagnosed with a blocked carotid artery, treatment options should be considered without delay. Many people die every year from heart attacks and strokes due to a blocked carotid artery. It is important to note that this type of blockage typically occurs as a result of the adhesion of plaque on the arterial walls, causing the diameter of the vessels to constrict as well as preventing proper flow of blood.
If you want to learn about a blocked carotid artery, you should register for first aid training today so that you will learn the appropriate measures to carry out if the condition is suspected.
What are the types of treatment?
At the present, individuals are given two types of treatment options for a blocked carotid artery – medications such as angiotensin enzyme inhibitors or aspirin as well as surgery specifically angioplasty, carotid endarterectomy and stent placement. Understandably, the suitable treatment will depend on the severity of the blockage as well as the overall health of the individual.
Selecting the suitable treatment for a blocked carotid artery will depend on the doctor and the individual. When it comes to surgical repair, the effectiveness is higher on arteries that have blockage of 50% or more. As for arteries with blockage less than 50%, they can be treated with medications. The doctor will be the one to decide which form of treatment is the best for the individual.
What are the benefits?
By providing relief to a blocked carotid artery, it will allow the return of oxygenated blood flow to various areas of the body, especially the heart and the brain. The long-term effects of unblocking the arteries include a reduction in the risk of future heart attacks or strokes.
Changes in the lifestyle
There are lifestyle changes that the individual with a blocked carotid artery should observe. Initially, if the individual is smoking, he/she should stop. Other changes to include is to eat a diet that is rich in fiber and fruits as well as foods that are low in salt, fats and cholesterol. Those who have conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure should exercise at least 20 minutes in a day. These lifestyle modifications are part of the long-term treatment in order to effective prevent further blockages.
Result of the treatment
If surgical intervention was carried out, the risk of heart attacks and strokes is drastically reduced. Those who were diagnosed with the narrowing of the carotid arteries less than 50% will surely benefit from medications along with lifestyle modifications. If the condition is not diagnosed early especially those with 50% blockage, the risk of strokes or transient ischemic attacks is higher.
The best way to drastically reduce the risk for heart attacks and strokes is to have the condition properly assessed so that appropriate treatment measures are started as soon as possible.