It is important to note that the interior of the nose is comprised of miniature blood vessels that allow the nose to perceive smell, sensations and tastes. These blood vessels can be easily irritated which can often result to nose bleeds. Due to the cold temperature during the winter season and the accompanying dry air, it increases the risk for frequent nose bleeds in some individuals. Nevertheless, there are certain step to take into consideration in order to minimize nose bleeds during the winter.
Measures to perform when an individual experiences nose bleeds
- Instruct the individual to blow his/her nose only when needed. Take note that the cold temperature can intensify the flow of mucus, thus the nose tends to run more during the winter season. Nevertheless, blowing the nose consistently or vigorously can lead to the irritation of the nasal membranes. When the individual blows his/her nose, it must be done in a gentle manner or simply dab the nose instead. A soft cloth or tissue must be used to prevent damage to the nose area.
- If a humidifier is not available, it is time to purchase one. A humidifier works by introducing moisture into the air. Take note that the dry winter air can make the blood vessels more prone to damage. Just make sure that the humidifier is regularly cleaned to prevent the introduction of fungus that typically thrives in moist environments.
- You have to apply petroleum jelly to the interior of the nasal passages. Petroleum jelly will help seal in moisture to the nasal cavity in order to prevent a nose bleed from occurring. Other possible options include the application of antibiotic creams or saline nasal spray.
- The individual must avoid the consumption of foods that are spicy as well as hot beverages since they can contribute to nose bleeds. These foods and beverages usually contribute to the bleeding. The consumption of foods that the individual is allergic to such as wheat or milk can lead to the inflammation of the blood vessels, nasal lining and cause frequent nose bleeds.
- The individual should limit the use of medications that are inhaled via the nose such as nasal sprays and decongestants that are commonly used to fight off cold and flu symptoms that are common during the winter season. Take note that these inhaled medications can trigger the irritation of the nasal lining and cause more nose bleeds.
Important considerations to bear in mind
If the individual currently uses blood thinning medications, it can increase the risk of getting nose bleeds. Take note that aspirin also have blood thinning effects that can intensify the severity of the nose bleeds.
It is best to seek emergency care if the nose bleeds for more than 20 minutes or if the individual experiences one after sustaining a direct blow to the head.