workplace approved CPR training courses and re-certifications are available through First Aid Winnipeg. Today’s topic will cover osteoporosis which occurs when calcium in your bones decreases which will result in frail bones. This may lead to bone injuries and is unfortunately not diagnosed until a fracture occurs. As a result, it affects 25% of women and is less prevalent among men. By getting enough calcium and vitamin D in combination with proper exercise one may prevent osteoporosis. Soft tissue is layers of skin, fat and muscle (mainly superficial top layer aka epidermis and deep layer aka the dermis). The superficial layer acts as a barrier to bacteria and other organisms that may start infections. The deep layer contains important structures which include nerves, sweat and oil glands as well as blood vessels. Wounds are classified as either open or closed. Bruises are classified as a closed wound. Open wounds have 4 common types. Abrasion is skin that has been rubbed or scraped away. Laceration is a cut that is usually from a sharp object (with jagged or smooth edges). Avulsion is an injury where the skin (and other soft tissue) is partially or completely torn away. Puncture occurs when the person’s skin is pierced with a pointed object (nail, glass, splinter or knife). In order to prevent wounds, one must exercise caution by developing safety habits to prevent such injuries from occurring such as not running with sharp objects, using appropriate equipment (knee pads, elbow pads, helmets) and wear proper safety equipment throughout the workplace. For bruises, you should cool the area and that will help control swelling and pain. Be sure to put a cold source for 20 minutes and then remove it for 40 minutes. Always put a towel or cloth in between the cold source and the person’s skin. Be sure to seek medical aid if the person complains of severe pain, they cannot move without experiencing pain or you think they experienced a force great enough to cause serious injury. For additional information or wishing to register in one of our many workplace approved CPR AED training courses/recertifications please contact First Aid Winnipeg.