Penis pain pertains to any pain or discomfort in any part of the penis. The penis has three main parts, namely the base, shaft, and head or tip. The foreskin is also considered to be a part of the penis. It can affect all males of any age.The penis is the reproductive organ of males. It contains the urethra, the tube that carries the urine from the urinary tract and the semen from the reproductive organ outside the body. The penis is normally flaccid, however, at stimulation, it may straighten and harden. In some cases, the foreskin is removed, in a procedure called circumcision.
Causes of Penis Pain
There are many possible causes of penis pain. It can be as simple as an insect bite or pimple or as complicated as an infection.The following are the most common causes of penis pain:
- Sexually transmitted infections (STI), such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis, genital herpes, etc.
- Yeast infection
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Urethritis (inflammation of the urethra)
- Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland)
- Medical conditions such as sickle cell anaemia
- Peyronie’s disease (abnormal bending in the penis)
- Penile cancer
- Stones anywhere in the urinary tract from the kidney to the bladder, including the tubes
- Balanitis (inflammation of the glans), phimosis (inflammation of the foreskin) or balano-posthitis (inflammation of both glans and phimosis at the same time)
- Clotting in the veins found in the penis
- Priapism (painful erection that lasts for more than four hours)
- Penile fracture
- Any form of trauma or injury to the penis
Accompanying Symptoms of Penis Pain
Although penis pain is usually a symptom for a primary condition, it may have accompanying symptoms that one should look out for. Some of possible accompanying symptoms include:
- Pain that may range from mild to severe
- Penis discharge at the tip
- Formation of pus in the shaft of the penis
- Painful sores anywhere along the penis
- Painful urination
- Pain upon ejaculation
- Itching and redness
Prevention for Penis Pain
Although it cannot always be guaranteed that penis pain can be completely avoided, the following may reduce chances of developing penis pain:
- Use condoms when engaging in sexual encounters.
- Avoid engaging in sexual activities with anyone who has any form of active infection.
- Avoid doing rough movements that may bend the penis.
- Clean under the foreskin every day. If one has not had a circumcision, it may be advised to remove the foreskin if repeated infections occur.
Always seek medical attention when one feels penis pain. Treatment will be tailored according to its underlying cause.
Disclaimer: This article does not provide medical advice or treatment. The information given should not be used for self-diagnosis of the possible underlying medical conditions. Seek medical attention when necessary. A keen eye for symptoms is necessary in all medical situations. To learn more about penis pain and other body pains, enrol in First Aid Courses with workplace approved training.