Piriformis syndrome

Piriformis syndrome can cause soreness in the buttock which spreads to the leg. This condition develops once the sciatic nerve is compressed by the tightened piriformis muscle deep in the buttocks.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of piriformis syndrome include pain or tenderness in the buttock muscle. It is important to note that the pain can radiate down the rear part of the leg into the hamstring muscles and even the calf muscles. It is also common for the pain to be confused with a hamstring strain. Nevertheless, there is no area in the hamstrings that are tender to the touch. The individual also displays diminished range of motion of the hip joint, particularly into internal hip rotation.

Piriformis syndrome

The symptoms of piriformis syndrome include pain or tenderness in the buttock muscle.

What you need to know

The piriformis muscle is one of the small-sized muscles positioned deep into the buttocks that rotates the leg outwards. It traverses from the sacrum bone at the base of the spine and connects to the thigh bone roughly close to the exterior crease of the buttocks.

The sciatic nerve travels closely to this muscle and in some individuals, it passes straight through the muscle fibers. Once the piriformis muscle tightens, it will compress on the sciatic nerve and instigate pain that radiates down the leg of the individual.

It has been proposed that this condition will be recognized as piriformis impingement since it is caused by the compression on the sciatic nerve. The prevalent cause of piriformis syndrome is tightened adductor muscles on the interior of the thigh. It simply means that the abductors on the exterior could not work properly, thus adding more strain or pressure on the piriformis muscle.

Treatment of piriformis syndrome

It is important to apply heat in order to effectively relax the affected muscle. This must only be done as long as there is no acute injury or inflammation. If you want to learn more about heat application and its effectiveness on certain injuries, enroll in a first aid class today in your area.

Stretching exercises that focuses on the piriformis muscle as well as the external rotators of the hip must be given emphasis by the individual well as the adductor stretches and exercises in order to reinforce the piriformis muscle. These exercises can be performed by the individual once the pain subsides. A sports injury professional can recommend the suitable treatment and rehabilitation for the individual as well as provide an insight on preventive measures.

A sports therapist can utilize ultrasound to help relax the muscles as well as apply specific sports massage techniques. With the help of stretching the piriformis muscle utilizing muscle energy techniques, it will help relieve the tension in the muscle. It is also recommended that the individual will focus on strengthening exercises as well as rehabilitation in order to avoid injuries in the future.


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