The ankle, knee and hip are responsible for providing the propulsive forces while running. Understandably, a functional and healthy ankle joint is vital for running but the ankle is commonly injured and ends up with running-related injury and pain. Some usual causes of ankle pain due to running include Achilles tendinitis, inversion sprains and blisters due to excessive friction. By enrolling in a course on first aid, you can readily manage the symptoms of these conditions.
Many runners frequently suffer from Achilles tendinitis. The Achilles tendon is the fibrous tissue that attaches the calcaneus bone with the calf muscles. Even though the Achilles tendon is the densest and durable tendon in the body, it is also prone to injury due to overuse, incorrect footwear, misalignment, accidents and side effects of certain medications.
Oftentimes, multiple causes can contribute to Achilles tendinitis among runners. In most cases, there is posterior ankle pain that steadily builds up over time along with an increase in the thickness of the Achilles tendon while the skin turns swollen and red. The treatment for this condition typically involves modification of the activity level including adequate rest or cross training activities such as swimming. Using running shoes that are flat and wide can also help reduce the ankle pain.
Another common cause of ankle pain is a twisted or sprained ankle and the most common type is the inversion sprain. When it comes to an inversion sprain, it frequently affects runners which involve a quick and powerful inward roll of the ankle that causes damage to the ligaments to the exterior edge of the ankle.
The ligament typically affected by inversion sprains includes the anterior talofibular ligament which links the talus to the fibula. Just like with other types of sprains, an inversion sprain is graded from 1-3 to indicate its severity. The grade 3 sprains are the most severe and involves full tear of the ligament. In some cases, the nearby tendons, joint tissues and bones are also affected which is why it is best to consult a doctor if this type of sprain is suspected.
The development of blisters occurs due to friction from clothing or shoes that constantly rub on the skin. Once the exterior layer of the skin detaches from the inner layer, lymph fluid will start to fill up the empty space in between. Take note that blisters usually occur among runners who wear new shoes and those who take part in long distance events.
Blisters are relatively small but can be incapacitating and force the individual to stop any activity. The best way to prevent blisters is to ensure that shoes used properly fit, application of tape or keeping the feet as dry as possible by applying powder. If possible, it is recommended to change socks regularly during activity.