Muscle spasms can manifest due to various reasons. The usual cause of muscle spasms is muscular fatigue or overusing a particular muscle. Oftentimes, the muscle spasms can cause a feeling that the muscle is bulging, hardened, twitching or taut.
The individual can try to stretch out his/her arm to relieve the muscle spasms, but it is usually painful initially. In case the cramping sensation becomes persistent, it is vital to seek medical care right away since it might be an indication of a serious condition such as multiple sclerosis.
Overuse and injury
The muscle spasms can occur in any region of the body including the arms if the arm muscles are injured or overused. Once the arm muscles become fatigued, the individual can experience a tight cramp-like sensation or muscle spasms.
During the first time the individual experiences muscle spasms in the arm, he/she should stop using the arm right away and try to stretch it out. You can relieve the pain by applying a heating pad or warm compress on the arm where the spasm occurs. Once the spasm has passed, you can apply an ice pack once the pain has improved.
Risk for tetanus
Tetanus is a bacterial infection or commonly known as lockjaw. The condition is called lockjaw since during the onset of the symptoms, there is evident muscle spasms in the jaw that prevents the individual from opening it.
As the condition persists, muscle spasms occur in the upper arms, abdomen and thighs. Most children are given 4 tetanus vaccinations by 2 years old and then a booster shot at around 4 years old. An additional booster shot is given at 11 years old and then every 10 years after.
Certain wounds such as animal bites or soil contamination can enter the skin and spread Clostridium tetani bacteria. With this in mind, it is vital to be updated with the immunizations to prevent tetanus. If an individual is suspected with the infection, consult a doctor for a tetanus shot to prevent the spread of bacteria.
Multiple sclerosis attacks the spinal cord and the brain which leads to nerve damage. This condition can affect any part of the body, but once the individual experiences an attack, he/she can feel tremors, weakness and muscles spasms in one or both arms or legs.
In every attack, the location and severity tends to vary since the disease is considered progressive and erratic. There is also a burning, tingling or crawling sensation in the legs and arms during an attack. Even today, there is still no cure for multiple sclerosis but some medications can slow down the progression and alleviate the attacks.