If you have not heard about spondylitis before, it is a condition characterized by lingering pain and inflammation in between the vertebrae of the spine and primarily affects the sacroiliac joints and other parts of the body.
The signs and symptoms of spondylitis or ankylosing spondylitis usually depend on the region of the spine, joint or body part affected. Various conditions, injuries and infections can contribute to the development of this condition.
An individual with osteoarthritis might be at risk for developing spondylitis. Osteoarthritis is considered as a prevalent form of joint disorder that occurs due to wearing away of the cartilage found in between the bones. Once this cartilage deteriorates, the bones start to rub on each other and cause the development of bone spurs. Weakening around the joint also occurs as the muscles and joints loosen up. Health conditions that can cause osteoarthritis include blockage of the blood vessels that supply a joint as well as bleeding disorders.
The signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include diminished movement, joint swelling, increased pain with high humidity, continuous increase in the pain during rest and aching joint pain that worsens after exercise. The location of the affected joint determines the suitable treatment needed and typically includes medications to control the inflammation and pain, application of hot and cold, braces, physical therapy and surgery for severe cases.
The upper seven vertebrae form the cervical region of the spine. Any injury to the cervical vertebrae can cause symptoms such as swelling, severe neck pain, numbness and tenderness. The extent of injury and location determines the type and amount of symptoms.
When it comes to cervical arthritis, it is a condition where the cartilage in the joint wears away. This causes symptoms such as numbness, muscle weakness, reduced neck mobility, headaches and chronic neck pain.
The management of cervical injuries includes the use of a cervical collar and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). For cervical arthritis, the treatment involves rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), injection of steroids and surgery in severe cases.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the joint lining swells and invades the surrounding tissues. Once tissue invasion occurs, chemicals released by the body destroy the joint surface.
Diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis includes a physical examination that reveals joint swelling, deformed joints, joint stiffness and warm aching joints with sore movements. When it comes to laboratory assessment, a blood test is required to determine the presence of the rheumatoid factor antibody. The treatment involves pain medications as well as drugs to slow down the progression of the disease along with exercise, physical therapy and even joint replacement surgery if needed.
Depending on the possible cause of spondylitis, it is best to schedule an appointment with a doctor for proper assessment of the exact cause.