When it comes to a spinal cord stroke, it involves blockage to one of the blood vessels in the spinal cord or one of the arteries that supply blood to the spinal cord. It is important to note that a spinal cord stroke is typically caused by atheromatosis which is a deposit or accumulation of fatty matter inside the arteries that sends blood to the spinal cord.
The signs and symptoms usually manifest within a few minutes up to hours after a stroke. The prognosis given by the doctor usually depends on how rapidly the treatment was initiated. It simply means that an individual must be well aware of the after effects of a spinal cord stroke so that you know when to seek proper treatment.
Right after experiencing a spinal cord stroke, an individual might suffer from back pain. Take note that this occurs since the stroke can affect the nerves that transmit sensory signals from the back and neighboring tissues. The clogged up artery in any part of these sensory nerves will make the individual to suffer from intense back pain or compression in the head, neck or back that can be minimal or intense. The pain can spread to the arms or legs in some cases. In such circumstances, the individual must seek emergency care so that the doctor can provide medications that reopen the blocked arteries in or to the spinal cord.
Paralysis is also an after effect of a spinal cord injury. Take note that this occurs since the area of the spinal cord responsible for muscle or motor function might be affected. The paralysis usually occurs on one side of the body. On the other hand, both sides of the body can be affected by paralysis in some cases.
In addition, the degree of paralysis is based on the location of the blockage. In case the blockage is situated in the cervical region of the spinal cord, the arms and areas below might be involved. If the lower region is affected, the lower limbs are involved. An individual experiencing abrupt paralysis must seek immediate medical care.
Loss of bladder or bowel control
A spinal cord stroke can lead to loss of bladder or bowel function. Take note that this usually occurs since the blocked artery might affect the nerves in the spinal cord that control the bladder and bowel function.
The individual might urinate uncontrollably after the stroke, have bowel movement or experience difficulty starting a bowel movement or urination. The loss of bladder or bowel function is considered as a medical emergency that entails prompt treatment in order to restore control.