Potassium permanganate is described as a strong chemical that is commonly utilized as a fungicidal and bactericidal in drinking water, air wash systems and cooling towers. It is important to note that this is a potent oxidizing agent. Due to this, it can lead to substantial damage to the bodily organs and tissues once it is ingested accidentally. Potassium permanganate can affect almost all the bodily systems and a case of poisoning often results to death if not promptly treated. It is important that you know how to spot the signs and symptoms of this type of poisoning. All you have to do is to enroll in a first aid course today so that you are prepared with the steps to carry out.
Potassium permanganate can cause a detrimental effect on the blood, frequently causing conditions such as methemoglobinemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) involves the formation of small-sized blood clots all over the body. This can lead to unusual episodes of bleeding due to the usage of the platelets in the body. This condition is characterized by severe bleeding particularly from the gums and nose of the individual along with difficulty breathing and unusual development of bruising.
As for methemoglobinemia, there are changes in the blood in which it could not effectively transport oxygen all over the body. The indications of this condition include shortness of breath, fatigue, headache and bluish tinge to the skin.
Since potassium permanganate has a caustic nature, poisoning can cause severe digestive trauma. It can lead to the formation of the ulcers in the stomach or intestines which results to a fatal hemorrhage. Take note that this form of poisoning can cause the death of the tissues in the liver along with the hemorrhage of the kidneys and pancreas. This damage is evident by vomiting, nausea and severe abdominal pain.
Right after the consumption of potassium permanganate, the individual can experience a drastic drop in the blood pressure. Once the blood pressure drops drastically, the vital organs in the body might not receive enough oxygen. The drop in the blood pressure due to potassium permanganate poisoning does not often respond well to treatment. Heart block, rapid heart rate and cardiac arrest can also occur and can be deadly.
What are other possible symptoms?
Potassium permanganate poisoning can cause respiratory distress syndrome which is characterized by severe fatigue and confusion. In most cases, fluid can also accumulate in the lungs. Oftentimes, this form of poisoning can also cause the larynx to swell which makes it difficult for the individual to breathe.
The other symptoms that can occur are neurological in nature such as Parkinsonism as well as burns on the lips or in the interior part of the mouth.