In the recent years, bed bugs are no longer considered as a big threat to homeowners. On the other hand, there are still reports about bedbug issues. The bedbug or Cimex lectularius typically thrives in beds. Even though bedbugs bite and feed on human blood, they do not transmit blood-borne diseases including hepatitis B virus or HIV. Nevertheless, they still pose as a threat to the health. Once you suspect that there are bedbugs around, a doctor should be consulted for proper treatment.
The physical manifestations of bedbug bites tend to vary from one individual to another. In most cases, the individual might not even notice the bedbug bites at all. If the bites are noticed, many usually dismiss them as mosquito bites since the localized redness and swelling appear similar to the mosquito bites.
On the other hand, if an individual is highly sensitive to insect bites of any kind, he/she might end up with an allergic reaction to bedbug bites. This allergic response can be mild, only causing skin redness, itchiness and irritation. As for severe allergic reactions, they can occur and might require treatment involving the use of anti-itch ointments or oral antihistamines and corticosteroids.
The bedbug bites alone will not cause infection. On the other hand, if the individual could not avoid scratching the bite site, the risk for the development of infection is increased. Scratching the bedbug bites can cause openings or breaks in the skin. The bacteria can enter via these breaks and start to multiply, resulting to an infection. The doctor might recommend creams to be applied directly over the bites in order to prevent the development of infection or the doctor might recommend over-the-counter antiseptic ointments.
If the individual or a household member is currently suffering from respiratory issues, the existence of bedbugs can aggravate these conditions. Bedbugs shed their exterior skin or cases as they grow. Take note that these exteriors along with the feces can dry out and become airborne. Once these cast-off materials from the bedbugs are breathed in by a highly sensitive individual, it can worsen asthma as well as other respiratory conditions.
In one study conducted, a patient has no physical causes of anemia but upon examination of the house, the doctor discovered an infestation of bedbugs. Even though most individuals with bedbug bites are not likely to suffer from anemia as a result, it can occur in extreme cases especially if the individual has other risk factors for anemia.
Once an infestation of bedbugs is suspected, it is vital to eliminate these pests in any way possible. The best way to ensure that bedbugs are completely eradicated from the house is to hire professional extermination services.