Prevalence of head injury during football

A certain percentage of football players between the ages of 5-14 years old end up wounded while playing football. It is important to note that football is considered as a contact sport. Any type of contact sport involves intense and potentially dangerous physical contact between the team players. As a result, many consider football as a dangerous and violent sport. Children who play contact sports such as football often face a greater risk for sustaining a head injury. Nevertheless, being familiar with simple safety precautions can help prevent football games from turning into an accident site. You can enroll in a course on first aid so that you are ready to provide the appropriate care during emergencies.

What are the types of injuries that can occur?

Since a head injury is likely to occur during a football game, it is important to that you are familiar with the types of injuries that can occur. Hematomas and concussions are type types of head injuries that children can get if they are battered while playing football.

A concussion is a head injury that occurs once an object strikes the head hard, resulting to the jerking of the brain inside the skull. As for a hematoma, it is a head injury that occurs when an abrupt, hard blow causes the blood to accumulate within the brain or in between the layers of tissue that surround the brain. Take note that these injuries can occur due to falls, rough tackles or impact from the game. Hematomas and concussions are considered as serious injuries that can potentially lead to brain damage in severe or cases that were not properly treated.

Head injury

The usual symptoms linked with hematomas and concussions include confusion, loss of consciousness, headache, memory loss, nausea, slurred speech, numbness and vomiting.

What are the symptoms of a head injury during football?

Children who sustained a blow to the head while playing football must be carefully assessed for any signs of head injury. The usual symptoms linked with hematomas and concussions include confusion, loss of consciousness, headache, memory loss, nausea, slurred speech, numbness and vomiting. Children who experience seizures, strange eye movements, persistent vomiting or difficulty walking must see a doctor right away. In most cases, the doctor can request for CT scan, MRI or EEG to confirm or dismiss the presence of a hematoma or concussion.

Treatment

Children who suffered from a concussion must not be allowed to play football again for at least three months so that the head injury can properly heal. Over-the-counter medications for pain can help ease the headaches. In cases of severe concussions, it would require hospitalization. When treating hematoma, the doctor will often prescribe corticosteroid medications to minimize the swelling. In case of seizures, the individual is prescribed with anticonvulsant medications. As for a severe hematoma, surgery is needed to relieve the pressure on the brain.

Preventive measures

A head injury typically occurs if the child was not able to use proper safety equipment. You have to encourage the child to wear a safety helmet in order to protect the head from potential impact. Always bear in mind that football is a high-contact sport thus it is vital for children to wear safety helmets at all times. Most of the football helmets are already built with a durable mask that shields the face and a properly-fitting strap that provides protection to the chin.

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