The presence of staph bacteria in the nose is triggered by a bacterium specifically Staphylococcus aureus. In most cases, the colonization of the bacteria does not always lead to a nasal infection, nevertheless contamination and colonization are often muddled. Various symptoms caused by the staph bacteria in the nasal passages occur at areas away from the nose. The infections triggered by the staph bacteria localized in the nose can be a combination with other symptoms at distant parts of the body.
The colonization of the nose by the Staphylococcus aureus will not trigger an active infection or localized symptoms. The actual nasal infections are generally secondary infections after a common cold, surgery, flu, swelling or other form of strain to the nasal membranes that changes the initial line of protective purifying by the nasal passages.
The staph bacteria that only inhabit the nasal passages are capable of actively invading the local tissues and proliferate which instigates an immune response.
The drainage of yellow to green mucus in the nasal passages and throat indicates an active immune response. Other symptoms include sore throat, nasal congestion or stuffed nose, pain, cough and fever. As the invasion further progresses along with the inflammation, the sinuses might be involved which triggers fever, headache, pressure in the sinus cavities and chills. Take note that the headaches change intensity with positioning and subside right after getting out of bed.
What are the distant skin symptoms?
Whether the nose is colonized or infected by the staph bacteria, its presence in the nose sets up the inoculation of the far-flung skin sites. These indications include furuncles, pimples, impetigo, carbuncles, abscess and cellulitis.
- The pimples are pustules that are filled with pus that are located on the neck, face, chest or upper back.
- The furuncles or common boils are nodules that are sore which are found on the skin including the interior of the nose and characterized by a defined area of redness that is surrounded by a middle core.
- A carbuncle is a group of furuncles that develop anywhere on the skin and capable of causing necrosis of the neighboring cells with the formation of drainage sinuses or tracts.
- As for cellulitis, it involves inflammation of the soft or connective tissue and involves exudate that spreads via the tissue planes.
- An abscess is a cavity filled with pus formed by the destruction of the local tissue. These can be sore and generally require drainage.
- Impetigo is infection of the skin that has 2 triggers – break in the skin by a bug or chigger bite, cut or scratch and self-inoculation of the staph bacteria from colonization in the nose.
Indications of invasive disease
The invasive diseases triggered by the staph bacteria from infection or colonization of the nasal membranes are considered life-threatening and require immediate medical care which includes the following:
- Scalded skin syndrome
- Otitis media
- Toxic shock syndrome
It is important to note that most of these diseases typically affect children. If the symptoms are present, do not hesitate to consult a doctor as soon as possible.