When it comes to allergic reactions, they are considered as common pediatric conditions that make parents worry a lot, even when only mild symptoms are present. Remember that most allergy symptoms particularly those triggered by food allergy, medication allergy or insect sting can occur abruptly and cause symptoms that most parents are not used to see. One of the symptoms of an allergy includes a swollen tongue that some parents find alarming.
What are the allergy symptoms?
It is important to note that the characteristic allergy symptoms can range from mild or severe and includes the following:
- Itchiness in the mouth or throat
- Difficulty breathing
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Low blood pressure
- Loss of consciousness
Many parents are concerned if their child experiences an allergic reaction that triggers any of these symptoms. Nevertheless, coughing and mild congestion or even hives can quickly come and go.
An anaphylactic reaction accompanied by wheezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, vomiting, throat itchiness and dizziness is considered as a life-threatening reaction that entails immediate medical care. On the other hand, a child who experiences hives alone would only require an appropriate dosage of antihistamine.
Close look on a swollen tongue
A swollen tongue seems like a serious symptom that should be considered as a medical emergency. Even though a swollen tongue appears as a serious symptom, it is vital to consider the other symptoms experienced by the child and factors that can cause a swollen tongue.
As part of an allergic reaction, the child might also end up with hives on the lips or tongue aside from the skin. Take note that an allergic reaction can also instigate another form of swelling that triggers a swollen tongue. This type is called angioedema that causes swelling under the skin surface but the result is still the same – a swollen tongue.
Without other serious symptoms such as difficulty swallowing or breathing, a swollen tongue might be part of a mild allergic reaction. On the other hand, parents should consult a doctor in case the child requires an aggressive form of treatment.
What are the non-allergic causes of a swollen tongue?
Aside from allergies, there are several non-allergic causes of a swollen tongue which includes the following:
- Mass or tumor
- Infection inside or on the tongue
- Insect sting or bite on the tongue that results to swelling even though it might not instigate an allergic reaction
Always bear in mind that these other causes of a swollen tongue can occur in a gradual manner. In some cases, a child might have a viral infection that triggered ulcers on his/her tongue which triggered a secondary bacterial infection. In addition, the child might have been stung by a bee on his/her tongue.
If a child experiences a swollen tongue that continues to persist, it is best to consult a doctor for proper assessment of the condition as well as start prompt treatment.