An individual who sustained a head injury can be seriously hurt even if he/she does not experience any symptoms. In case of a head injury that involves profuse bleeding, it is a distressing and life-threatening scenario but a closed head injury can also be dangerous. With this in mind, it is important that you are familiar with the signs and symptoms of a closed head injury.
A head injury can easily occur during a vehicular accident and the individual might not realize how serious the injury actually is. The symptoms of a head injury can manifest quickly or over a period of time. Close monitoring of the individual is important. If the individual does not seek medical care right away, it can be deadly.
When do the symptoms manifest?
Always remember that head injuries must be taken seriously, especially a close head injury. The symptoms in some cases can occur within a few minutes after the injury was sustained. On the other hand, some symptoms will take a long time to manifest and might not fully occur for several weeks. The slow onset of the symptoms can mean that the individual did not take them seriously until it is too late.
Symptoms of closed head injury
Headaches and an elevated blood pressure
The blood pressure of the individual can steadily increase after a head injury. The individual might not even realize that this is occurring. An increase in the blood pressure can lead to other health issues such as headaches. Once the blood fills the cranium, the individual will eventually lose consciousness. Always remember that headaches are one of the initial indications of a head injury. With this in mind, it is important to consult a doctor even for a minor bump on the head.
Confusion and dizziness
Confusion and dizziness are evident signs that an individual sustained a head injury. In some cases, the individual could not stand or walk due to the dizziness. In severe cases, dizziness and confusion can progress into lethargy and unconsciousness.
Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting can indicate a closed head injury. After a head injury is sustained, the individual can become sick and starts to vomit. Once this occurs over several weeks, it might no longer be connected to a head injury but rather a stomach disorder.
When an individual sustained an injury to the head, the pupils will become unequal in size. This is a vital indication that there is something wrong. The individual must be taken to the hospital right away so that emergency care can be provided. You can shine a light into the eyes and check the reaction of the pupil. This will help determine if emergency assistance is required.
It is important to monitor closely for these indications if an individual just recently sustained a head injury either due to a fall or vehicular accident. The timely delivery of the appropriate treatment can greatly help in preventing the condition of the individual from worsening.