It is important to note that epilepsy can develop due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain that can lead to seizures that affects the whole body or only particular functions. Benign rolandic epilepsy is a childhood condition that causes partial seizures. Always bear in mind that seizures typically occur at night time when a child is asleep which results to facial numbness, temporary inability to speak and drooling but the child stays conscious. In some cases, the seizures generalize to cause loss of consciousness and whole body seizures.
In case a child is suspected with this condition, it is best to schedule an appointment with a doctor so that he/she is carefully assessed by a doctor. In doing so, the suitable treatment options can be started.
Waiting it out
Many children usually outgrow benign rolandic epilepsy in a span of 5 years of the initial seizure attack. By the time they reach 14 years old, many children with this type of epilepsy will remain free from symptoms. Anticonvulsant drugs that are utilized to manage epileptic seizures can cause serious side effects in most cases. Due to this, many families forgo medical treatment and simply allow the child to outgrow the condition naturally. This is the usual treatment in cases in which the seizures are mild, infrequent and limited to nighttime without disrupting sleep.
Partial seizure medications
Due to the risk for the potential side effects, individuals with benign rolandic epilepsy who require seizure medications should work hand in hand with a doctor to modify the form of medication and the dosage.
The doctors usually prescribe gabapentin and oxcarbazepine to manage children with partial seizures due to benign rolandic epilepsy. In most cases, low doses of these medications can effectively control the seizures, but both are known to cause drowsiness, headache and dizziness. It is important to note that gabapentin can cause mood swings, hyperactivity and aggressive behavior while oxcarbazepine can lead to a drop in sodium levels in the blood as well as reduced level of white blood cells.
Generalized seizure medications
Among children with benign rolandic epilepsy experiencing more than one general seizure, the doctor might prescribe carbamazepine or levetiracetam. Just like with medications for partial seizures, levetiracetam can lead to alterations in behavior, dizziness and diminished white blood cell count. This medication can also cause weakness and diminished coordination.
As for carbamazepine, it can lead to stomach upset and interfere with vision and speech. It can also alter the production of blood cells with life-threatening consequences. Children with benign rolandic epilepsy using any partial or entire body seizure drugs can continue until they are 15 years old. Take note that most children were able to outgrow the condition.