The metatarsals are the five long bones situated on the upper part of the foot, between the toes and tarsal bones at the arch close to the ankle. It is important to note that the metatarsals are designated one through five with the first bone connected to the big toe. A metatarsal bone fracture usually occurs due to any form of traumatic injury to the foot or overuse. The treatment for a metatarsal bone fracture tends to vary depending on the severity of the fracture and its location. When it comes to the management of fractures, you will surely learn a lot by enrolling in a first aid course today.
Always bear in mind that stress fractures are basically small-sized cracks in the bones which typically occur in the second and third metatarsals. Overuse injuries often occur due to a sudden increase in physical activity such as significant increase in the distance ran or engaging in an intensive training program. The main treatment for metatarsal bone fracture is rest, specifically relative rest. This simply means that weight bearing is not restricted. The affected foot is allowed to rest for 3-4 weeks from any activity that led to the fracture. Modifications in the training and footwear might be done in order to prevent the fracture from recurring.
If an individual has a metatarsal bone fracture, a shoe that has a hard sole is recommended in order to provide additional support during the healing of the bone. Take note that this type of treatment is utilized for cases of metatarsal bone fractures in which the pieces of bone are still aligned and unlikely to be forced out of alignment while weight bearing.
Foot brace or walking cast
When it comes to a metatarsal bone fracture, it causes remarkable pain and if it is located in a region of the foot that is prone to pressure, it can disrupt the healing and would require a foot brace or walking cast. It is important to note that these devices can provide an improved degree of support for the injured bone than using protective footwear and limiting the movement of the bone. The doctor will advise the use of crutches in order to limit the weight bearing until the fracture fully heals.
As for proximal fractures on the metatarsal or Lisfranc fractures, they are characterized for instability and drastically disrupts with the normal alignment and function of the foot. The treatment for these fractures usually involves the surgical placement of screws, pins or wires to support the bones in place during the healing process. The other types of metatarsal bone fractures in which the bones are severely out of place or unlikely to stay in proper alignment might also require surgery to secure the bones in place. As for cases in which a piece of bone bulges through the skin, it would require surgery for cleansing of the wound as well as fixation of the bone.