Types of bandaging techniques

In any first aid course, you will learn the different types of bandaging. When an individual is injured and required bandaging, being familiar with the various ways on applying a bandage can greatly help. In doing so, proper bandaging can help protect the injury as well as stabilize the affected body part. Take note that there are different ways to apply gauze or bandage to injuries. The type of bandaging to perform usually depends on the body part where the injury was sustained.


Proper bandaging can help protect the injury as well as stabilize the affected body part.

Figure-eight wrap

The figure-eight wrap is commonly used on joints such as the elbows and knees. Start by creating two cyclical turns. The next step is to wrap the bandage around the back of the joint and around so that it forms the figure eight around the joint. You have to continue to wrap the bandage over itself, covering two-thirds of the previous layer. You have to encircle the end around the top of the joint. Lastly, secure the end of the bandage using safety pins, tape or fastening.

Spiral turn

The spiral turn bandaging is considered as the most popular method of bandaging. This is typically used on the upper legs, wrists and upper arms. When applying this type of bandaging, you have to start by creating two cyclical turns around the body part to be supported. Continue to wrap the bandage over itself and each turn at a 30-degree angle to the one before and cover two-thirds of it. Complete the bandaging by either tucking the end of the bandage into the fold, fasten it with a safety pin or metal clip or taping the end to the wrapping.

Spiral reverse turn

This is considered as a complex method that is utilized in bandaging the calves and lower forearms. You can start by wrapping the bandage around the affected area two times. Move the bandage up at a 30-degree angle and place the thumb of your free hand on the upper edge. The next step is to turn the bandage over so the side on top is now the bottom. Continue to wrap around the affected limb so the folds in the turns are aligned. Connect the end of the bandage using safety pins, fastenings or tape.

Circular turn

The circular turn is basically a simple wrap around the affected part. All you have to do is to apply one end of the bandage to the injury site and wrap the bandage around several times with every turn covering the previous one. The end of the bandage is secured in place using metal fastening, tape or a safety pin. This type of bandaging provides thick support in a concentrated area of the body.

By being familiar with the different types of bandaging, you can easily provide the appropriate first aid care especially for strains, sprains and other injuries that require bandaging.


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