Abdominal hernias occur if there is weak or a defect in the muscles and tissues of the abdominal wall. Upon applying strain on the abdominal wall, part of the intestines can break through the weak wall, resulting to the protrusion of a mass from the abdomen.
Generally, even though most cases of hernias are not immediately life-threatening, being familiar with the emergency symptoms of a hernia can help prevent a serious condition from developing. Furthermore, this will help prevent the condition from worsening through prompt treatment.
Emergency signs of a hernia
Obstruction of the bowel
In general, the symptoms of bowel obstruction among those who have a hernia can indicate an emergency situation that required immediate medical attention. In addition, the indications to watch out for include bowel obstruction include alternating periods of diarrhea and constipation, abdominal pain and slight enlargement of the abdomen.
Bowel obstruction can indicate that the abdominal wall is constricting the intestinal contents in which the feces could not pass properly. This is usually a precursor to hernia strangulation.
In most cases of hernias, they do not present actual pain but the individual experiences a dull ache. A painful and tender hernia is an actual indication of strangulation which occurs when a part of the intestine that has protruded from the abdominal wall is no longer provided with blood supply. The opening in which it passed through is constricted that is cuts off the artery that provides a part of the intestine with blood. This situation can trigger the herniated part of the intestine to die and this instigates pain. If you want to learn more about this condition, read here.
Generally, fever is an indication that the hernia has started to become strangulated. The fever is due to the death of the intestinal tissue. Furthermore, the dead tissue progresses to the proliferation of bacteria and the gangrenous state. The gangrene will start to generate chemicals that are toxic to the body. As a response, the immune system attacks the gangrenous part of affected intestine. In addition, this results to the increase in the body temperature. Always bear in mind that individual will suffer from high fever which is a symptom of strangulated hernias.
Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are not usually seen in minor cases. The manifestation of nausea and vomiting is an indication that hernia is becoming strangulated and starting to die. Nausea and vomiting along with the hernia is usually an indication of a medical emergency.
If any of these symptoms manifest, seek immediate emergency care so that proper assessment can be carried out as well as start the appropriate treatment to prevent the condition from worsening.