The brown recluse spider has venom that can trigger serious injury and even death. It is important to note that these spiders are not aggressive but will bite when unintentionally disturbed.
The brown recluse spider bites are necrotizing which means that they can cause the death of the skin tissues. At the present, there is no antivenin for the brown recluse spider available. Luckily, medical treatment is necessary to slow down or stop serious physical complications from developing.
First aid for brown recluse spider bites
First aid is the initial line of treatment to slow down the damage caused by a brown recluse spider bite. It is important to wash the bite site and surrounding skin using warm water and soap.
Elevate the bite site if it is on the leg or arm and secure a bandage above the site. This slows down the flow of venom in the bloodstream. An ice pack can be applied over the bite site to help reduce the swelling. You have to call poison control or a doctor for more information regarding treatment. In case systemic reactions occur, it is best to seek immediate medical care. If you want effectively manage a bite from a brown recluse spider, click here.
The venom of the brown recluse spider can trigger a systemic response in the body that leads to swelling, buildup of fluid as well as an allergic reaction. It is important to note that steroids, anti-inflammatory and antihistamines are useful for minimizing the effects of the brown recluse spider.
The doctor provides steroid injections or creams to the bite site to help reduce the swelling and pain. Antihistamines can help in reversing the allergic response of the body to the brown recluse spider venom. The doctor also prescribe antibiotics to prevent secondary infection due to the spider bite as well as stimulate the healing process of the skin tissue. An individual who was bitten by the brown recluse spider can also be given a tetanus toxoid injection for protection against tetanus infection.
The venom from the brown recluse spider can lead to the ulceration of the skin in just a span of 8 hours after the bite. The ulceration can spread and death of the tissue can occur.
Removal of the necrotic skin that occurs as a response to the brown recluse spider venom is necessary. In such cases, cutting the dead skin tissue will promote wound healing as well as formation of new skin over the wound. Additional surgery might be required once the skin has healed in order to improve the appearance of any scars or craters left behind.