What are the possible complications of an infected tooth?

It is important to note that an infected tooth is also called as a tooth abscess which is an accumulation of pus that infiltrates the center of the tooth. The symptoms of an infected tooth include a toothache that is described as throbbing or gnawing, swollen neck glands, bitter taste in the mouth and pain while eating. The other symptoms that can manifest include jaw swelling and bad breathe. If an infected tooth is not promptly treated, complications can develop. Once you suspect that an individual has an infected tooth, it is best that he/she should consult a dentist as soon as possible for proper treatment.

Facial cellulitis

Oftentimes, the bacteria present in the infected tooth can penetrate the soft tissues in the face which eventually leads to the development of facial cellulitis. This is considered as a common bacterial skin infection. The symptoms include skin redness, pain on the face and warmth. Other symptoms that can manifest include fever, chills, shaking, nausea and vomiting.

Infected tooth-complications

Oftentimes, the bacteria present in the infected tooth can penetrate the soft tissues in the face which eventually leads to the development of facial cellulitis.

The staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria are responsible for causing facial cellulitis in some individuals. In most cases, pain medications and antibiotics are given to manage the condition. If you want to learn more about this condition and how to properly manage the symptoms, click here.

Sepsis

The bacteria from an infected tooth can spread to the bloodstream and cause sepsis. This is an infection of the blood that usually affects young children, elderly and those who have a weakened immune system.

The indications of sepsis include fever higher than 101.3 degrees F, heart rate higher than 90 beats per minute and respiratory rate higher than 20 breaths per minute. In addition, there should be a specific site of infection. As the condition progresses, other symptoms can occur such as difficulty breathing, changes in the mental status, mottling of the skin and diminished urine output. Take note that septic shock occurs once the blood pressure drastically drops.

The treatment typically involves antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria and vasopressors to increase the blood pressure. Oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids can also be given. Oftentimes, surgery might be required in order to drain out any pus.

Ludwig’s angina

Ludwig’s angina is basically a bacterial infection that infiltrates the floor of the mouth. The symptoms include neck pain, difficulty breathing, weakness, fever and confusion. The other symptoms include earache, fatigue, redness of the neck and drooling. Take note that this type of complication usually occurs due to trauma to the mouth or an infected tooth.

This condition can be managed with antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria. Oftentimes, a breathing tube is inserted if the breathing is compromised due to the tissue swelling. In some cases, surgery might be required to drain any fluid that causes swelling.

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