The congestion in the upper respiratory system will lead to a number of unappealing symptoms which includes cough and breathing difficutly. The chest congestion usually stems from inflammation in the bronchial tubes which are the soft passageways that allow the movement of air in and out of the lungs. The remedies are often enough to clear up minor cases of bronchial congestion. A doctor must still be consulted any time the individual experiences breathing problems.
What are the bronchial tubes?
The air that is inhaled enters the mouth and nose and then travels up to the windpipe or trachea. The bronchial tubes are large passageways that transport air from the trachea to the small airways known as bronchioles. At this point, the air travels into the smaller branches and air sacs of the lungs. The bronchial tubes utilize several defense mechanisms in order to fight off possible infections. One of these defenses is the inflammation of the bronchial lining. Take note that this inflammation will lead to an increase in the production of mucus, cough and congestion.
Bronchitis is a condition that involves swelling and irritation of the bronchial passages. This condition can either be acute or chronic and can result from other a viral or bacterial infection. Being exposed to air pollution including cigarette smoke can lead to irritative bronchitis. It is important to note that the bronchial passages among those who smoke no longer function optimally, often leading to episodes of acute bronchitis. Pneumonia involves the infection of the lungs with symptoms that are similar to bronchitis but can be worse.
Rest and increased fluids
Bed rest and increased intake of fluids are remedies for bronchial inflammation. The intake of fluid will help the body effectively move up the mucus out of the airways. Adequate hydration will also allow the immune system to function optimally. Getting enough rest will ensure that the body has enough energy to deal with the cause of the bronchitis. As long as the symptoms persist, it is vital to keep the overall activity level as low as possible. If you want to learn more about these measures, click here.
Steam and humidity
A humidifier works by adding moisture to the air, thus helping the body to eliminate the mucus from the airways. The dry air will cause dry mucus which remains and worsens the symptoms of bronchitis. When using a steam vaporizer, it helps sooth the wheezing or breathing difficulty at a fast rate. If this device is not available, all you have to do is to fill a sink with hot water and instruct the individual to hold his/her face over the vapor produced. Drape a towel on the head to direct the warm air into the mouth and nose.
The individual should not suppress the urge to cough. It is important to note that coughing is the way in which the body clears up the mucus and obstruction in the airway. The individual should take regular, deep breaths in order to encourage the airways to open up. If a lot of congestion is experienced, the individual can force up a cough if possible. If there is blood-streaked mucus, a doctor must be consulted.
Tap the chest in a gentle manner several times in a day to loosen up the mucus. The individual should rest with the head lower than the chest in order to promote proper drainage.