It is a known fact that the shoulder is comprised of ligaments, bones and tendons that allow the upper arm to freely move. There is a capsule of connective tissue that is responsible for protecting the shoulder joint. Nevertheless, certain diseases such as thyroid conditions, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes and heart disease can put an individual at higher risk for acquiring adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder.Extended periods of immobility after a surgical procedure or a fracture can also increase the risk for developing the condition. Adhesive capsulitis can be treated using conservative measures. You can take a course on first aid so that you know what to do in order to provide relief to the symptoms. Additionally, the condition usually develops in three phases. The following are the common symptoms that are likely to manifest if an individual is suspected with adhesive capsulitis.
If an individual has adhesive capsulitis, pain is the initial symptom linked with the condition. This occurs since the shoulder capsule is starting to contract and thicken which can irritate the sensory nerves surrounding the shoulder. At this point, the individual must schedule an appointment with a doctor in order to prevent the pain from worsening. In most cases, the doctor will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or administer an injection of corticosteroid into the affected shoulder joint. It is important to note these medications have their side effects that the individual must be familiar with to prevent the detrimental side effects from developing. Additionally, the individual is encouraged to perform regular shoulder exercises in order to preserve the range of movement of the shoulder. If activity or any exercise routine is put on hold for an extended period, it can disrupt the functionality of the shoulder. Take note that this stage usually lasts six week up to nine months.
The shoulder can become stiff during the next stage of adhesive capsulitis. The pain will start to diminish but the range of movement of the shoulder is decreased drastically. This occurs since the capsule further thickens and contracts, preventing full range of movement of the shoulder joint. The individual must consult a doctor so that an exercise program can be recommended to help improve the range of motion of the shoulder. Take note that this phase can last for four to nine months. The motion of the affected shoulder will start to improve during the thawing phase of adhesive capsulitis. There is a reduction in the level of pain and an improvement in the range of motion during this phase. The thawing period typically lasts for five up to 26 months. Once an individual is no longer experiencing pain and the range of motion returns to normal, he/she has completely recuperated from adhesive capsulitis.