It is important to note that the clavicle bone or collarbone attaches the sternum to the shoulder. Any injury or pain in this region can disrupt with the exercise routine of the individual since it impairs the ability of the individual to move the arms and shoulders. Even though most causes of minor clavicle pain are not severe, it is best to consult a doctor if the individual experiences severe pain or any indications of infection such as swelling or redness.
Sustaining a direct blow to the clavicle during exercise or falling on an outstretched arm can cause a clavicle fracture. The individual can end up with a fracture in the clavicle in the middle part, on the distal end or on the end of the clavicle. When it comes to a clavicle fracture, it often results to severe pain which limits the individual from lifting his/her arms. The shoulders can also sag forward and the individual can suffer from swelling and pain at the site of the fracture. You can learn more about fractures by enrolling in a first aid class today.
Shoulder strains and sprains
It is important to note that the shoulder region is comprised of three large bones that are surrounded by muscles such as the clavicular head of the pectoralis major, ligaments and tendons. Sprains and strains occur when the individual stretches or tears the ligaments, tendons and muscles during exercise. The indications of a strain or sprain include swelling, pain, bruising, muscle spasms and limited movement of the affected area. In minor cases, they can be treated at home with rest and application of ice. It is best to consult a doctor if the shoulder could not be moved or there is numbness in the shoulder.
Osteolysis of the distal clavicle
When it comes to this condition, it develops most frequently among weightlifters. This occurs when the individual experiences relaxing or bone loss in the acromioclavicular joint at the concluding part of the clavicle. Certain conditions including rheumatoid arthritis as well as hyperparathyroidism can lead to osteolysis of the distal clavicle.
It is best to consult a doctor if this condition is suspected so that appropriate treatment options can be started particularly anti-inflammatory medications and the application of ice. This will help reduce pain while waiting for the clavicle to remineralize which is a process that can take up to 4-6 months.
It is vital to include consistent stretching or strengthening regimens in the workout to help avoid the occurrence of sprains and strains. The clavicle should be protected when engaging in contact sports by wearing appropriate padding.
The individual should eat a diet that is rich in vitamin D and calcium to protect the bones from fractures and bone loss. The doctor will usually recommend appropriate exercises to avoid reinjury by strengthening and conditioning the area surrounding the collarbone and shoulders.