Chances are you will witness an emergency or accident at some point in your life. What you do in an accident can have a huge impact on the outcome of the injured victims. Read further and learn about how to help in an emergency.
If you find yourself in an emergency situation, you can do so much to help the victims. Here are guidelines on how to help in an emergency.
– Call 911 immediately.
- In case of an accident, the first thing you can do to help is to call 911. Never assume that someone else has made the call. This is a common problem in emergencies occurring in public spaces were bystanders assume someone has already dialed 911. As a result, the emergency operators get no call at all. Note important information such as the location of the accident, the number you are calling from, and a description of the accident. Wait for instructions from the operator and do not hang up the phone unless you are instructed to do so.
– Use caution when approaching the scene of accident.
- Your desire to help in an emergency should not put yourself in danger. Make sure to check scene safety before approaching the victim. If you are driving, pull over and turn on emergency flashers. Look around for possible hazards such as exposed power lines, risk of explosion, landslide and spilled gasoline. If there are safety hazards, do not engage in rescue and find a safe place. Inform the emergency operator of any danger.
– Avoid moving victims unless there is clear danger.
- Unnecessary movements can cause further injuries to the victim, especially for victims of spine or neck injuries – common in motor-vehicle accidents. As much as possible, attempt to provide first aid without moving the victim. However, if there is imminent danger, such as explosion, oncoming traffic or falling debris, and you can safely move the victim, do so while preventing unnecessary twisting or bending of the limbs, body or neck.
– Be ready to provide resuscitative measures.
- When you help in an emergency, you may need to assist the victim with breathing. If the victim does not have spontaneous breathing, initiate CPR. Inform the 911 operator if the victim is not breathing or is having difficulty breathing. He may coach you on what to do and how to provide CPR while waiting for the ambulance.
– Assist with first aid.
- The victim may have other injuries, such as wounds or bleeding. Cover the wounds with clean dressing or cloth and apply pressure. This will help control bleeding and prevent infection. Also elevate the wound, unless there is evidence of a broken bone.
Lastly, always put your personal safety first before helping in an emergency. It could help if you have knowledge at basic first aid. Taking a basic first aid training course from workplace approved-accredited training partners could greatly help you in responding in emergency situations.