Scabies is considered as a contagious infection of the skin that is triggered by a mite which is a type of parasite known as Sarcoptes scabiei. In most cases, prescription-strength treatments are used in treating scabies infection. Take note that scabies does not settle if treatment was not provided and can progress in terms of severity, resulting to a severe rash often with covered bacterial infections while radiating to new areas of skin as well as highly contagious to other individuals. You can learn ways to ease the discomfort by enrolling in a class on first aid today.
How the condition progresses
It is important to note that scabies causes itchiness and pimple-like rashes due to an immune response to the waste products generated by the mites. After a span of a few days or weeks if left untreated, the parasite will lay eggs and multiply, resulting to the spread of the itchiness and rashes on other parts of the body.
Extreme scratching can lead to open wounds or formation of scabs that can lead to scarring on the affected areas. Disabled individuals, elderly and those who have weakened immune systems often experience less itching and rash but more on the crusting of the skin where the mites and their eggs cluster in large numbers.
If the individual scratches the affected area, it can lead to a bacterial skin infection. The bacterial infection usually due to streptococci or staphylococci that are present on the skin can spread all over the body, resulting to oozing, crusting and fever. This is considered as a super infection. Take note that bacterial infections require treatment with the use of antibiotics which is different than the medications used in eliminating the scabies.
Once the bacterial infection starts to spread, it can develop into more than just a shallow skin infection, resulting to an infection of the blood known as septicemia that is life-threatening and hard to manage once it progresses to an advanced stage.
The kidneys can also suffer due to the inflammatory response of the body to the streptococcal infection. This will manifest as the failure of kidney failure known as post streptococcal glomerulonephritis which occurs due to the inflammation of the small-sized blood vessels in the kidneys.
Both septicemia and post streptococcal glomerulonephritis can trigger fever, generalized pain, extreme fatigue, fluid retention, reduced urine out and loss of consciousness. Take note that these symptoms require immediate medical care since they can progress if left untreated and can be deadly.
Spread of scabies to others
If scabies is left untreated, it can easily spread to others. Those who face the highest risk are the family members and those who come into close bodily contact. The scabies mites can survive for 48-72 hours outside the body on towels, furniture, clothes and sheets. In most cases, it is transmitted by skin to skin contact but crusted form of scabies is more infectious and can even spread via items that have eggs or the mites. Those who do not become immune to scabies will stay infected for an extended period if they are not treated or end up reinfected if the mite is not eliminated from the environment.