Splints are medical equipment that keeps a limb from moving as well as protects it from further damage. Splints help stabilize the bone while the on the way to the emergency department to receive treatment. In some cases, it can also be used for individuals who have a severe sprain or strain in one of the limbs. Upon proper application of a splint, it helps ease the pain by ensuring limiting movement to the area. In case of injuries at home or during sports, create a temporary splint.
How to make one
Initially, when making a splint, you need something that is strong and could not easily bend since it will help stabilize the fracture. If you will look around at home or office, you can find many options to use such as a plank, board, rolled-up newspapers, heavy stick or even a rolled-up towel. In case you are going to use something that have pointed edges or can cause splinters such as wooden stick, make sure that you will wrap it with a cloth.
You also need to fasten the splint in place by using ropes, belts, shoe laces or pieces of cloth. If medical tape is available, you can use it to fasten the splint. Just avoid using duct tape or any commercial tape directly on the skin.
How to apply splints
If there is bleeding, you have to control it first by applying direct pressure on the wound. Apply a bandage, piece of cloth or gauze. Avoid moving the body part since you might cause further damage.
Apply the splint so that it will rest on the joint higher than the injury and the joint beneath it. In case there is involvement of the forearm, simply position the support beneath the forearm and secure to the arm below the wrist and above the elbow. Do not fasten the support directly on the affected area. Make sure that you will fasten the splint in a secure manner to hold the body part still, but not too tight that it will disrupt the circulation.
Upon the application of the splint, you have to check the surrounding areas every now and then for signs of diminished circulation. In case the limb is swollen, pale or bluish in color, loosen the ties.
In case an individual is suffering from shock, you have to initially position him/her in a lying position. If possible, you have to elevate the legs while the head must be positioned slightly below the level of the heart. Once the splint is applied, call for emergency assistance or take him/her directly to the nearest emergency department so that further treatment can be provided.
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