Bacterial conjunctivitis is brought about various strains of bacteria including streptococcus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus and hemophilus influenzae. It is a prevalent form of conjunctivitis that affects individuals in a healthy state.
The condition is defined by inflammation of the conjunctiva which is a membrane that covers the white part of the eye. The infection can involve only one or both eyes and accompanied by irritation and watery drainage from the eyes. Generally, it clears on its own in a few weeks, but treatment and supportive measures is necessary to hasten the recuperation process.
The usual signs of bacterial conjunctivitis include:
- Itchiness and reddening of the eyes that might start in one eye and steadily affect the other.
- Drainage of yellowish or green, pus-like fluid from the eyes with crust formation. The adhesiveness of the eyelids makes it difficult to keep the eye open.
- Blurry vision
- Eye pain and inflammation with a gritty sensation within the eye.
Management of bacterial conjunctivitis
The treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis is generally supportive which is based on the underlying health factors.
Some of the commonly used treatment options include:
- Topical antibacterial ointments are typically prescribed by the doctor.
- Apply a warm compress to lessen the discomfort
- Clean any crusting with a moist, soft cotton wool
- Utilize any lubricating drops to soothe the eyes especially if they are dry
- A corneal transplant is needed to restore vision if the infection is severe and results to vision loss
- Do not use contact lens during this period. Use glasses instead.
- A follow-up appointment is required after 1-3 weeks especially if the condition becomes worse.