Cytomegalovirus is a common form of virus belonging to the herpes family. The virus spreads via bodily fluids such as urine and saliva as well as close contact with young children especially when changing diapers.
What are the phases of infection?
One can acquire cytomegalovirus at any age but most are initially infected during childhood and not aware of being infected. If an individual develops the infection initially, it is called as primary CMV.
If infected, the cytomegalovirus remains in the body for a lifetime but most cases stay inactive and does not trigger additional issues. Nevertheless, the virus might be r
If symptoms arise, pain medications can be given to lessen any fever or pain
eactivated. This is likely to occur among those with a weakened immune system that might be due to an untreated HIV or using immunosuppressant drugs that prevents rejection of transplanted organs.
Management of cytomegalovirus infection
Cytomegalovirus is not typically diagnosed since it does not trigger symptoms in most cases. If one is at risk for developing complications, a blood test can help determine if the individual ever had cytomegalovirus or recently acquired it for the first time.
Urine test and saliva swab can be utilized to determine if a newborn infant has congenital CMV.
Most cases of infections are relatively mild and do not trigger symptoms and treatment is not necessary. If symptoms arise, pain medications can be given to lessen any fever or pain.
An individual with an active infection especially if he/she has a weakened immune system is managed using antiviral medications which slow down the spread of the virus. In some cases, treatment in a healthcare facility might be necessary.
Remember that it is not always likely to avert the spread of cytomegalovirus, but you might lessen the risk by observing good hygiene such as regular washing of hands using warm water and soap which is vital after changing diapers.
In addition, it is also suggested to avoid being exposed to the saliva of young children as well.