Foot conditions are the main reason for hospitalization among individuals with diabetes. The condition can affect the nerves in the foot and prevents the individual from feeling any injuries.
It can also result to diminished or altered flow of blood that prevents proper healing of injuries. Since minor injuries can progress to major ones among those with diabetes, it is vital to keep a diabetic foot healthy. Remember that prevention is vital in avoiding foot conditions.
The typical diabetic foot conditions include:
- Cuts and sores
- Deep infections
- Ingrown toenail
- Charcot fractures
What are the causes?
Neuropathy or loss of nerve function among individuals with diabetes in their feet and legs develops over time. Since foot injuries could not be felt, diabetics might ignore these foot issues.
Pain is not an initial sign of foot conditions among those with diabetes. Poor circulation and diminished immunity to infection can also result to significant diabetic foot conditions.
The indications of diabetic foot conditions include pain or tingling sensation in the feet at night. Infections, ulcers and other issues might not cause any pain. Due to this, regular self-assessment of the feet is vital.
Additionally, the individual might feel unsteadiness while walking and standing due to loss of sensation. The foot might have redness, swelling, bleeding and ulcers which requires further assessment by the doctor.
Why treatment for diabetic foot conditions is vital?
If the individual has been diagnosed with diabetes and develop foot conditions, a doctor should be seen for assessment and treatment.
When caring for foot conditions, the following must be considered:
- Wear footwear that properly fit
- Regularly inspect the foot for blisters, sores, cuts and other issues
- Avoid walking barefoot
- Always keep the feet warm
- Avoid exposure to extremes in temperatures
- Avoid self-treatment for calluses, corns or ingrown toenails
- Diabetes must be controlled by monitoring the blood sugar levels and taking the prescribed medications.
- Do not ignore any minor issues since they can rapidly progress among diabetics.
Significant foot conditions that could not be managed with conservative measures might necessitate surgical intervention. Surgery might be focused on eliminating a foot infection, realignment of bony deformities or even amputation to prevent further issues.